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Three-Day Weekends: Thank God it's Thursday ÈýÌìÖÜÄ©£ºÐ»ÌìлµØ£¬ÖÕÓÚÐÇÆÚËÄÁË
A shorter working week sounds appealing, but could be costly. ¸ü¶ÌµÄ¹¤×÷ÖÜÌýÆðÀ´ºÜÃÀºÃ£¬µ«ÊÇ¿ÉÄܻỨ·Ñ¾Þ´ó¡£
With the prospect of Easter and two bank holidays on the horizon, Britons have an embarrassment of long weekends to savour. Ëæן´»î½ÚºÍÖÜÄ©µÄ½Óõà¶øÖÁ£¬Ó¢¹úÈË¿ÉÒÔ¾¡ÇéÏíÊÜÒ»¸ö³¤³¤µÄ¼ÙÆÚ£¬µ«ÊÇÕâÖÖ³¤¼ÙÆÚÍùÍùʹµÃÕþ¸®¸Ðµ½ÎªÄÑ¡£
For Caroline Lucas, the joint leader of the Green Party, that is not enough: she wants three-day weekends every week. ¶ÔÓÚÂ̵³µÄÖ÷ÒªÁìµ¼ÈËCaroline LucasÀ´Ëµ£¬ÕâÔ¶Ô¶²»¹»£ºËýÏëÿÖÜÓÐÈýÌì¼ÙÆÚ¡£
On March 31st she announced at her party's conference that the Greens were exploring such a policy, which could go in their manifesto in 2020. 3ÔÂ31ÈÕËýÔÚÂ̵³µÄ»áÒéÉÏÐû²¼£¬Â̵³Ò»Ö±ÔÚ̽ÌÖ£¬Ñо¿ÕâÑùµÄÕþ²ß£¬´ó¸ÅÔÚ2020ÄêÄܹ»³ÉΪÂ̵³µÄ¾ºÑ¡¸ÙÁì¡£
The Greens reckon that lopping a day off the working week would begin to redress the inequalities between men and women, since both paid and unpaid work might then be shared more evenly. Â̵³ÈÏΪ£¬µ÷¼õ¹¤×÷ÈÕ½«»á¿ªÊ¼µ÷ÕûÄÐÐÔÓëÅ®ÐÔÖ®¼äµÄ²»Æ½µÈ£¬ÒòΪŮÐÔÉÏ°àºÍ×ö¼ÒÎñµÄʱ¼ä½«»á±äµÃ¸ü¼Óƽºâ¡£
People could do more of what they love (assuming that excludes their jobs) and would be less stressed. ͬʱÈËÃÇ¿ÉÒÔ×ö¸ü¶àËûÃÇϲ»¶µÄÊÂÇ飨¼ÙÉèÆäÖв»°üÀ¨ËûÃǵŤ×÷£©£¬²¢ÇÒѹÁ¦Ò²»á¼õÉٺܶࡣ
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It would reduce Britain's carbon footprint. µ÷¼õ¹¤×÷ÈÕÒ²½«»á½µµÍÓ¢¹úµÄ̼ÅÅ·ÅÁ¿¡£
And it could even boost the country's productivity. ¶øÇÒÉõÖÁ»áÍƶ¯¹ú¼ÒµÄÉú²úÂÊ¡£
Some evidence supports this. һЩ֤¾ÝÓ¡Ö¤ÁËÕâÒ»Ïë·¨¡£
A paper published in 2014 by John Pencavel of Stanford University, looking at first-world-war munitions workers, shows that reducing working hours can be good for productivity. À´×Ô˹̹¸£´óѧµÄJohn PencavelÓÚ2014Äê·¢±íµÄһƪÂÛÎıíÃ÷£º¶ÔһսʱÆÚÉú²ú¾üÐèÆ·µÄ¹¤ÈËÊý¾Ý·ÖÎöµÃÖª£¬¼õÉÙ¹¤×÷ʱ¼äÄÜÌá¸ßÉú²úЧÂÊ¡£
Between 2007 and 2011 the American state of Utah adjusted the working week for state employees, with longer days from Monday to Thursday, and Friday off. ÔÚ2007Äêµ½2011ÄêÃÀ¹úÓÌËûÖݽ«Õþ¸®¹ÍÔ±µÄ¹¤×÷ÈÕµ÷ÕûΪÖÜÒ»µ½ÖÜËÄ£¬µ«ÊÇÿÈյŤ×÷ʱ³¤»áÔö¼Ó¡£
In ten months the shift saved the state $1.8m in energy costs. ÕâÑùµÄ¸Ä±ä³ÖÐøÁË10¸öÔºó£¬ÓÌËûÖÝÒò´Ë½ÚÊ¡ÁËÒ»°Ù°ËÊ®ÍòÃÀÔªµÄÄÜÔ´·ÑÓá£
But the Greens would go further than simply redistributing working hours over four days: they suggest that people could work fewer hours overall. µ«ÊÇÂ̵³Ïë×öµÄ²¢²»ÊÇÏñÓÌËûÖÝÒ»Ñù½ö½ö½«5ÌìµÄ¹¤×÷ʱ¼äÖØзÖÅäÔÚ4ÌìÀ¶øÊǽ¨ÒéÈËÃÇ¿ÉÒÔÕæÕýµÄËõ¼õ×Ô¼ºÒ»ÖܵŤ×÷ʱ¼ä¡£
Since not everyone can afford to take a 20% pay cut, “wages must go up correspondingly” —courtesy of employers and the state— “to ensure no one loses out”. “Èç¹û¹ÍÖ÷ºÍÕþ¸®Ô¸ÒâµÄ»°£¬¹¤×ÊÓ¦¸ÃÏàÓ¦µÄÔö¼Ó£¬È·±£Ã¿¸öÈ˶¼²»»á¿÷Ë𔣬ÒòΪ²»ÊÇËùÓÐÈ˶¼ÄܽÓÊÜÓÉÓÚ¶à·ÅÒ»Ìì¼Ù¶øµ¼Ö¹¤Ð½Ëõ¼õ20%µÄÊÂÇé¡£    

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