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 Oxbridge is a composite of the two most renowned universities in Britain, the University of Oxford and the University of Cambridge, which was founded by scholars fleeing Oxford in 1209. There are a great many similarities between them, so they are jointly referred to as Oxbridge. The history of the two universities can be traced back to the 11th and 13th centuries respectively, whereas the term “Oxbridge” originated from the British writer William Thackeray’s novel Tendennis, published in 1849. It was not until the middle of the 20th century that “Oxbridge” was accepted gradually.
Å£ÇÅ£¬ÊÇÓ¢¹ú×îÖøÃûµÄÁ½Ëù´óѧţ½ò´óѧºÍ½£ÇÅ´óѧµÄºÏ³Æ¡£½£ÇÅ´óѧÊÇÓÉ 1209Äê´ÓÅ£½ò´óѧÌÓÀëµÄѧÕßÃǽ¨Á¢µÄ¡£Á½Ëù´óѧ֮¼äÓÐןܶàµÄ¹²Í¬µã£¬Òò´Ë ³£³£±»ºÏ³ÆΪţÇÅ¡£Á½Ð£µÄÀúÊ··Ö±ð¿ÉÒÔ×·Ëݵ½11ÊÀ¼ÍºÍ13ÊÀ¼Í£¬µ«ÊÇ£¬“Å£ ÇÅ"Ò»´ÊµÄ˵·¨ÔòÆðÔ´ÓÚÓ¢¹ú×÷¼ÒÍþÁ®?Èø¿ËÀ×ÓÚ1849ÄêÍê³ÉµÄС˵¡¶Å˵ÇÄá˹¡·¡£ Ö±µ½20ÊÀ¼ÍÖÐÒ¶£¬“Å£ÇŔһ´Ê²ÅÖð½¥±»ÈËÃÇËù½ÓÊÜ¡£
 
The most common feature between Oxford and Cambridge is their collegiate struc-ture~~both of them are composed of more than 30 autonomous colleges, which provide the environments in which students live and sleep. Applicants must choose a specific college when applying to Oxford or Cambridge, or allow the university to select one for them, because all undergraduate and graduate students must be a member of one of the university colleges. However, students studying the same subject are given lectures together, irrespective of which college they attend. Colleges regularly compete with each other in a variety of fields, including sports, speech and debate, and so on.
Å£½ò´óѧºÍ½£ÇÅ´óѧ×î´óµÄ¹²Í¬µãÔÚÓÚËüÃǵÄѧԺ½á¹¹——ËüÃǶ¼ÊÇÓÉ30¶àËù×ÔÖεÄѧԺ×é³ÉµÄ£¬ÕâÀïÊÇѧÉúÃÇÈÕ³£Éú»îºÍסË޵ĵط½¡£Ñ§ÉúÃÇÈëѧʱ±ØÐë Ñ¡ÔñÒ»¸öÌض¨µÄѧԺ£¬»òÊÇ×Ô¼ºÑ¡£¬»òÊÇÓÉѧУÀ´Ñ¡£¬ÒòΪ±¾¿ÆÉúºÍÑо¿Éú¶¼±Ø Ðë´ÓÊôÓÚѧУµÄijһ¸öѧԺ¡£µ«ÊÇ£¬ÉÏ¿ÎÔòÊÇ°´ÕÕѧϵ·Ö°à£¬¹²Í¬ÊڿΣ¬²»ÂÛËû ÃÇÊôÓÚÄĸöѧԺ¡£Ñ§ÔºÖ®¼ä¾­³£Óи÷ÖÖ±ÈÈü£¬°üÀ¨ÌåÓý±ÈÈüºÍ±çÂÛÈüµÈ¡£
 
Another similarity between Oxford and Cambridge is their special method of teaching. The principal teaching method at Oxbridge colleges is the “supervision” or “tutorial”£¬used at Cambridge and Oxford respectively, though with the same meaning. Under the “supervision” or “tutorial”£¬small groups of students meet with a member of the university’s teaching staff weekly or more frequently. Students are normally required to complete an essay or assignment in advance of the session, which they will discuss with the supervisor or tutor for an hour.
Å£½ò´óѧºÍ½£ÇÅ´óѧµÄÁíÒ»¸öÏàËÆÖ® ´¦ÔÚÓÚËüÃÇÌرðµÄ½Ìѧ·½·¨¡£“Å£ÇÅ”µÄ ѧԺ²ÉÓõĽÌѧ·½·¨Ö÷ÒªÊǵ¼Ê¦ÖÆ£¬ËäÈ» Òâ˼Ïàͬ£¬µ«ÔÚ½£ÇÅ´óѧºÍÅ£½ò´óѧ·Ö±ð ±»³Æ×÷“¼à¶½”ºÍ“¸ö±ðÖ¸µ¼”¡£ÒÀÕÕµ¼Ê¦ÖÆ£¬Ñ§ÉúÃÇÒÔС×éΪµ¥Î»Ã¿ÖܺÍѧУµÄ½ÌÔ±¼û ÃæÒ»´Î£¬»òÕ߸ü¶à¡£Ñ§ÉúÃÇÔÚ»áÃæ֮ǰͨ ³£ÒªÍê³Éһƪ¶ÁÊé±Ê¼Ç»ò¿ÎÍâ×÷Òµ£¬ËûÃÇ »áºÍµ¼Ê¦ÓÃÒ»¸öСʱ×óÓÒµÄʱ¼äÌÖÂÛÕâЩ×÷Òµ¡£
 
Actually, Oxford and Cambridge share a common history: both were founded more than 800 years ago; both were places to study scholasticism; both had educated a large number of Britain’s most prominent scientists, writers and politicians, as well as noted figures in many other fields. They have also established similar institutions and facilities, such as printing houses like Oxford University Press and Cambridge University Press, botanical gardens like University of Oxford Botanic Garden and Cambridge University Botanic Garden, museums like the Ashmolean and the Fitzwiiliam, legal deposit libraries like the Bodleian and the Cambridge University Library, and societies like the Oxford Union and the Cambridge Union.
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