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 »Ê¼ÒÆï±øÎÀ¶ÓÔıø³¡ Horse Guards Parade
 
¸ú×Å¡¶BBC Learning English¡·½ÚÄ¿£¬´øÄã×ß±éÓ¢¹ú£¬Á˽⵱µØÎÄ»¯£¬ÁìÂÔ·çÍÁÈËÇé¡£Á·ÌýÁ¦µÄͬʱ»¹¿ÉÒÔÕÇ×ËÊÆ¡£ÊÇÁ·Ï°Ó¢ÒôµÄ¾ø¼ÑËزġ£
 
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Wang Fei: ´ó¼ÒºÃ£¬»¶Ó­ÊÕÌý¡¶¶¼ÊÐÂÓÓ°¡·½ÚÄ¿£¬ÎÒÊÇÍõ·É¡£Íþ·çÁÝÁݵĸßÍ·´óÂí»¹ÓÐÓ¢¿¡ÍþÎäµÄÆïÊ¿£¬ÕâÀï¾ÍÊÇÂ׶ØÖøÃûµÄ Horse Guards Parade »Ê¼ÒÆï±øÎÀ¶ÓÔıø³¡¡£Ã¿ÌìÕâÀïµÄÓÎÈ˶¼ÊÇÂçÒï²»¾ø£¬½ñÌìÎҾʹø´ó¼ÒÒ»Æð½Ò¿ª»Ê¼ÒÆï±øÎÀ¶ÓµÄÉñÃØÃæÉ´¡£
 
[Bugle sound and horse guards bellowing]
 
Mr Westwood: Horse Guards (Parade) is still the official entrance to the royal residences, because beyond us, around St James’s Park, you’ll find Buckingham Palace, Clarence House and St James’s Palace.These are the royal residences, so this is still the official entrance, this is why it’s guarded, and has been guarded for 350 years.
 
Wang Fei: ¸Õ²Å˵»°µÄÊÇ Martin Westwood from Household Cavalry Museum, ËûÊÇÓ¢¹ú»Ê¼ÒÆï±øÎÀ¶Ó²©Îï¹ÝµÄ²¿ÃÅÖ÷ÈΡ£Westwood ÏÈÉú½âÊÍ˵ Horse Guards Parade is still the official entrance to the royal residences. »Ê¼ÒÆï±øÎÀ¶ÓÔıø³¡ÈÔÈ»ÊÇͨÏòÓ¢¹ú»ÊÊÒ¾ÓסÇøµÄ´óÃÅ¡£»Ê¼ÒÆï±øÎÀ¶Ó Household Cavalry ÒѾ­ÕòÊØÕâ×ù´óÃÅ350¶àÄêÁË¡£Ã¿ÌìÉÏÎçÔÚÕâÀï¾ÙÐеĻ»¸ÚÒÇʽÈÃÊÀ½ç¸÷µØµÄÓοͶ¼ÄÜÄ¿¶Ãµ½Æï±øÎÀ¶ÓµÄ·ç²É¡£ÎÒÃÇÌýÒ»ÌýÓοÍÃǵĸÐÊÜ¡£
 
Girl: They look really well-groomed, and look like they’re well-trained!
 
Woman: They’re very well-behaved, it’s amazing how they stand still for so long, and they’re just very well-groomed.
 
The horses look really well-groomed, and look like they’re well-trained!
 
 
Wang Fei: ËýÃÇ˵ they're very well-groomed. ÕâÀïµÄ well-groomed ÊÇÖ¸ÂíÆ¥ÊáÏ´µÃ·Ç³£¸É¾»Æ¯ÁÁ¡£They're also well-trained and well-behaved. ÕâЩ¸ßÍ·¿¥ÂíÒ²¶¼¾­¹ýÁËÑϸñµÄѵÁ·£¬·Ç³£Ìý»°¡£µ«ÊÇÿ¸ö¶ÓÁÐÖÐÖ»ÓÐһƥ°×Âí£¬ÆäÓàµÄ¶¼ÊǺÚÂí¡£ÕâÊÇÔõô»ØÊÂÄØ£¿ÎÒÃÇÓÐÇë Westwood ÏÈÉúÀ´½âÊÍһϡ£
 
Mr Westwood: Currently there are I think 257 horses in the Household Cavalry Mounted Regiment. They’re all black horses apart from the trumpeter’s horse or the bugler’s horse. And that’s a battlefield convention from, I think the 18th, 19th century, when they were unarmed. And they were used for giving orders across the battlefield, and so therefore they were very distinctive with their grey horses. So there was a gentleman’s agreement that they wouldn’t be hurt.
 
Wang Fei: I thought that they were white. 
 
Mr Westwood: Well, they are white – we call them greys, though. That’s just a…
 
Wang Fei: Why?
 
Man: A British idiosyncrasy I think!
 
Wang Fei: Ô­À´Æï°×ÂíÊǾüºÅÊÖ trumpeter »òÕß bugler. ¾üºÅÊÖÆï°×ÂíºÜÈÝÒ׺ÍÆäËûÊ¿±øÇø·Ö£¬µ«ÊÇÓ¢ÎÄÖгƾüºÅÊֵİ×ÂíΪ grey horses. ÔÚ18¡¢19 ÊÀ¼ÍµÄÕ½ÕùÖУ¬½»Õ½Ë«·½Óоý×ÓЭÒ飬gentleman's agreement, Õ½ÕùÖв»ÐíÉ˺¦¾üºÅÊÖ¡£³ýÁËÂíÆ¥Óв»Í¬µÄÑÕÉ«ÒÔÍ⣬Æï±ø¶Ó³ÉÔ±µÄ·þ×°ÑÕÉ«Ò²²»Í¬£¬ÎÒÃÇÌýÒ»ÌýÏÂÃæÕâλ¹ÛÖÚµÄÒÉ»ó¡£
 
There was a gentleman’s agreement that they (trumpeters riding grey horses) wouldn’t be hurt.
 
Martin Westwood, Household Cavalry Museum
 
Woman: I think they’re from different regiments but I don’t know fully.
 
Girl: They’ve got different hats!
 
Woman: They’ve got different hats and different coats, yes. One set has got red coats and all very highly polished boots, and the other set has got blue coats and red collars.
 
Wang Fei: Õâλ¹ÛÖÚ·¢ÏÖ one group of horse guards wear red coats and the other group wear blue coats. And they also found the horse guards were wearing different hats. ÏÂÃæÎÒÃÇÇë Mr Westwood ÈÃËûÀ´½âÊÍÒ»ÏÂÆï±øÃÇΪʲô´©²»Í¬µÄ·þ×°£¿ÌýµÄʱºò×¢ÒâÁ½¸ö´Ê£ºtunic ½ôÉíµÄ¶ÌÉÏÒÂÖÆ·þ£¬plume ÊÇָͷ¿øÉϵÄÓðë¡¢Ó§×Ó¡£
 
Mr Westwood: And the Household Cavalry is actually made up of two regiments, the Life Guards – they’re the ones with the red tunics and the white plumes - and the Blues and Royals, which are the ones with the very dark blue tunics and the red plumes. So they’re the two regiments that form the Household Cavalry.
 
Wang Fei: Ô­À´´© red tunic ºìÉÏÒÂÖÆ·þ£¬Í·¿øÉÏÓа×É«Ó§×Ó white plume µÄÆï±øÀ´×Ô Life Guards Regiment »Ê¼Ò½üÎÀÆï±øÍÅ£» ¶ø´© blue tunic ÉîÀ¶É«ÉÏÒÂÖÆ·þ£¬Í·¿øÉÏÓкìÉ«Ó§×Ó red plume µÄÆï±øÀ´×Ô Blues and Royals Regiment À¶¾ü»Ê¼ÒÆï±øÍÅ¡£ËûÃÇÿÌìÔڹ㳡ÉϾÙÐл»¸ÚÒÇʽ£¬³¡Ãæ·Ç³£×³¹Û¡£ÔÚ½ÚÄ¿µÄ×îºó£¬ÎÒÃÇÌýÒ»ÏÂÁ½¸ö¹ÛÖڵĸÐÊÜ¡£ÎÒÃÇÏ´νÚÄ¿Ôٻᣡ
 
The Household Cavalry is actually made up of two regiments.
 
Martin Westwood, Household Cavalry Museum
 
Teenager: It was really… really cool, and they’re really smart. You don’t see this every single day of your life, you can only see it, like, once a year or something like that.
 
Man: Yeah, it’s fantastic, there’s nothing like it. Absolutely brilliant! I mean, I’ve never seen this before. I’m 42 now, so I’ve never seen it and it is – it’s fantastic to watch. You know, I like the red uniforms, the blue uniforms, and it’s, you know, it’s so colourful to see.


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