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½üÈÕ£¬ÑÇÒá¿Ø¸æ¹þ·ð´óѧÕÐÉúÆçÊÓ°¸Í¥Éó×îÐÂ×ÊÁϹ«¿ª£¬¹þ·ðÕÐÉú°ì¹ÙÔ±ÄÚ²¿ÓʼþÏÔʾ£¬¸»Ô£ÇÒÓë¹þ·ð½¨Á¢³¤ÆÚ¹Øϵ½×²ãÒÉËÆ´æÔÚ¼ȡÓÅ´ý£¬ÆäÖÐÉõÖÁÓÐÏà¹ØÈËÔ±¾è³öÁËÒ»¶°Â¥£¬ÕâÆäÖа×ÈËѧÉú³¬¹ýÑÇÒáÒÔ¼°·ÇÒá¡£¹þ·ðÕÐÉú°ì¸ºÔðÈËÉõÖÁ±»Ð£·½¸ß²ã¿äÔÞΪ“ÎÒµÄÓ¢ÐÛ”¡£   ÏëÈ¥¹þ·ð¶ÁÊ飿×îºÃÄܾ趰¥   The numbers are ruthless: Out of more than 40,000 applications a year to Harvard University, not quite 2,000 make the final cut. Just one admitted for every 19 rejected. Every year high school seniors with straight A’s, perfect test scores and stellar recommendations wonder why they didn’t make it. Êý¾ÝÊDzпáµÄ£ºÃ¿ÄêÓг¬¹ý4ÍòÃûѧÉúÉêÇë¹þ·ð´óѧ£¬µ«½öÓÐÁ½Ç§È˱»Â¼È¡¡£Ã¿Â¼È¡Ò»ÃûѧÉú£¬¾ÍÓÐ19ÃûѧÉúÔâµ½¾Ü¾ø¡£Äõ½È«A¡¢³É¼¨È«ÓÅ¡¢ÊÖÎÕÖØÁ¿¼¶ÍƼöÐÅ£¬Ã¿Ä궼ÓкܶàÕâÑùµÄ¸ßÖÐÉú²»ÖªµÀΪʲô×Ô¼ºÃ»Óб»Â¼È¡¡£   ruthless£ºadj.ÎÞÇéµÄ£¬Àä¿áµÄ£»²ÐÈÌµÄ   stellar£ºadj.Ö÷ÒªµÄ£»Ò»Á÷µÄ   wonder£ºn.¾ªÆ棻¾ªãµ£»Ææ¼££»Ææ¹Û   À©Õ¹£º   a nine-day wonder  |  a one-day wonder ê¼»¨Ò»ÏÖµÄÈË£¨»òÊÂÎ   no wonder ¹Ö²»µÃ£»ÄÑ¹Ö   for a wonder ˵À´Ò²¹Ö£»ÁîÈ˾ªÑȵأ»ÒâÏë²»µ½µØ   Want a place at Harvard? Persuade your parents to give the university a nice gift. A new building, perhaps, or a million dollars for a fellowship. That sort of thing. ÏëÔÚ¹þ·ð´óѧ¶ÁÊéÂð£¿Ëµ·þÄãµÄ¸¸Ä¸¸øÕâËù´óѧËͷݺÃÀñ£ºÒ»¶°ÐÂÂ¥£¬»òÕßÒ»°ÙÍòÃÀÔª£¨Ô¼ºÏ694ÍòÔªÈËÃñ±Ò£©µÄ½±Ñ§½ð£¬ÖîÈç´ËÀà¡£   fellowship£ºÑ§Êõ½±½ð   That sort of thing£ºÖîÈç´ËÀà   It has long been understood that you can, to some extent, buy your way into many of the US’s prestigious universities. There are certainly plenty of examples of people with more money than sense being admitted to elite educational institutions. ³¤ÆÚÒÔÀ´£¬ÈËÃÇÒ»Ö±ÈÏΪÔÚijÖ̶ֳÈÉÏ£¬ÃÀ¹úµÄÐí¶àÃûÅÆ´óѧ»¨Ç®¾Í¿ÉÒÔÉÏ¡£ÓкܶàÀý×Ó¿ÉÒÔ±íÃ÷£¬¾«Ó¢½ÌÓý»ú¹¹ÔÚ¼ȡʱ»áÑ¡ÔñÓÐÇ®ÈË£¬¶ø²»ÊÇÓвŵÄÈË¡£   to some extent£ºÔÚijÖ̶ֳÈÉÏ   prestigious£ºÓеØλµÄ£»ÓÐÓ°ÏìÁ¦µÄ£»ÓÐÉùÍûµÄ   Jared Kushner, for example, got into Harvard despite having a mediocre academic record. To be fair, this may have had nothing to do with his father pledging $2.5m to the university shortly before he was accepted. Perhaps the admissions office just had a hunch that this was the genius who was finally going to bring peace to the Middle East. ±ÈÈ磬ÌØÀÊÆÕµÄÅ®Ðö¼ÖÀïµÂ¿âʲÄÉѧÉúʱÆÚËäÈ»³É¼¨Æ½Æ½£¬È´±»¹þ·ð´óѧ¼ȡ¡£»òÐí£¬ÕâÓëËûµÄ¸¸Ç×ÔøÔÚËû±»Â¼È¡Ö®Ç°³ÐŵÏò¹þ·ð¾èÔù250ÍòÃÀÔªÎ޹ء£»òÐí£¬ÕÐÉú°ì¹«ÊÒÖ»ÊÇÔ¤¼ûµ½£¬Ëû²ÅÊÇ×îÖÕΪÖж«´øÀ´ºÍƽµÄÌì²Å¡£   mediocre£ºadj. ÆÕͨµÄ£»Æ½·²µÄ£»ÖÐµÈµÄ   To be fair£ºËµ¾ä¹«µÀ»°£¬¹«Æ½µØ˵   have nothing to do with£ºÓ녅û¹Øϵ   to have a hunch that …ÓÐ…µÄÔ¤¸Ð   ÑÇÒá¿Ø¸æ¹þ·ðÕÐÉúÆçÊÓ   ¹þ·ð´óѧµÈһЩÃÀ¹úÃûУÔÚÕÐÉú¹ý³ÌÖÐÒԓƽȨ·¨°¸”ΪÓÉ£¬Í¨¹ý´ó·ùÌá¸ß¼ȡ±ê×¼¡¢ÉèÖÓÖÖ×åÅä¶î”µÈ·½Ê½£¬½«²»ÉÙÓÅÐãµÄÑÇÒáѧÉúµ²ÔÚÃÅÍâ¡£   ¹þ·ð´óѧ±»¿Ø¶àÄêÀ´ÔÚÕÐÉú¹ý³ÌÖÐÐîÒâÆçÊÓÑÇÒáÉêÇëѧÉú£¬Î»ÓÚ²¨Ê¿¶ÙµÄÃÀ¹úÁª°îµØÇø·¨Ôº15ÈÕ¿ªÍ¥ÉóÀí´Ë°¸£¬Òý·¢È«ÃÀ¹Ø×¢¡£   While it is no secret that offering financial gifts to certain Ivy League universities may compensate for a lack of natural gifts, the extent to which Harvard’s admission process favors relatives of big donors is only now being laid bare. This is thanks to a lawsuit currently under way against Harvard that accuses the university of discriminating against Asian Americans. ËäÈ»ÏòijЩ³£´ºÌÙÃËУ¾è¿î¿ÉÒÔÃÖ²¹Ìì×ÊÉϵIJ»×ãÔçÒѲ»ÊÇÃØÃÜ£¬µ«¹þ·ðÔÚ¼ȡ¹ý³ÌÖÐÆ«°®´ó½ðÖ÷µÄ×ö·¨×î½ü²Å±»Åû¶³öÀ´¡£ÕâÒª¹é¹¦ÓÚÄ¿Ç°Õë¶Ô¹þ·ðÆçÊÓÑÇÒáµÄÒ»³¡ËßËÏ¡£   compensate for£º²¹³¥£¬Åâ³¥   being laid bare£¨=to lay sth bare£©£ºÊ¹Ä³Îﶳö£¬½Ò¶ijÈËijÊ   lawsuit£ºËßËÏ   discriminating against£¨to discriminate against sb£©£ºÆçÊÓijÈË   A 2013 email exchange among Harvard administrators, for example, was presented at the trial on Wednesday. ±ÈÈ磬ÉÏÖÜÈýµÄÍ¥ÉóÖй«¿ªÁËÒ»·Ý2013ÄêУ·½¹ÜÀíÈËÔ±Ö®¼äµÄÓʼþÍùÀ´¡£   In one email (subject line: “My Hero”), the dean of the university’s Kennedy school of government commends the dean of admissions for doing a great job in extending offers to students with generous parents. ÔÚÒ»·â±êÌâÃûΪ“ÎÒµÄÓ¢ÐÛ”µÄÓʼþÖУ¬¹þ·ð´óѧ¿ÏÄáµÏÕþ¸®Ñ§ÔºÔº³¤³ÆÔÞÕÐÉú°ì¸ºÔðÈË£¨William Fitzsimmons£©ÔÚÕÐÊÕ¸»Ô£½×²ãµÄ×ÓÅ®·½Ãæ×öµÃºÜºÃ¡£   “Once again you have done wonders. I am simply thrilled about the folks you were able to admit,” the email says. “[Redacted] has already committed to a building.” The other people described as “big wins” in the email were connected to donors who had “committed major money for fellowships”.   ÓʼþÖÐ˵£º“ÄãÔٴδ´ÔìÁËÆæ¼£¡£¿´µ½ÄãÕнøÀ´µÄÕâЩѧÉú£¬ÎÒ¼òֱ̫¿ªÐÄÁË¡£Ä³Ä³Î»¼Ò³¤ÒѾ­³ÐŵҪ¾èÒ»¶°Â¥¡£”ÓʼþÖл¹Ëµ£¬ÓÐЩ“½ðÖ÷”±³ºóµÄ¾èÔùÕß»¹“³ÐŵҪ¾èÒ»´ó±Ê½±Ñ§½ð”¡£   be thrilled about£º¶Ô……ºÜÐË·Ü   folks£º£¨folkµÄ¸´ÊýÐÎʽ£©ÈËÃÇ£¨people£©   Another email made public in the trial talked about rolling out the red carpet for an applicant whose family had donated $1.1m to Harvard. There is also an email exchange in which a Harvard development officer and an admissions dean discuss how much money they are likely to extract from a candidate. “Going forward, I don’t see a significant opportunity for further major gifts,” the email says. “[Redacted] had an art collection which conceivably could come our way. More probably it will go to [a] museum.” Í¥ÉóÖУ¬ÁíÒ»·â±»¹«¿ªµÄµç×ÓÓʼþ̸µ½£¬Ò»Î»ÉêÇëÈ˵ļÒÈËÏò¹þ·ð´óѧ¾èÔùÁË110ÍòÃÀÔª£¬ÎªËûÕùÈ¡µ½ÁËÈëѧ×ʸñ¡£»¹ÓÐÒ»·âµç×ÓÓʼþÖУ¬Ò»Ãû¹þ·ð´óѧ·¢Õ¹¹ÙÔ±ºÍÕÐÉúÖ÷ÈÎÌÖÂÛËûÃÇ¿ÉÄÜ»á´ÓÒ»ÃûºòÑ¡ÈËÉíÉÏեȡ¶àÉÙÇ®¡£ÓʼþÖÐдµÀ¡£“½øÒ»²½Ëµ£¬Äõ½¸ü¶à¾èÔùµÄ»ú»á²»´ó¡££¨¾èÔùÕߣ©ÓмþÒÕÊõÊÕ²ØÆ·£¬¿ÉÒÔÏë¼û£¬ÓпÉÄÜ»á¸øÎÒÃÇ£¬µ«¸üÓпÉÄÜÊÇËÍÈ¥²©Îï¹Ý¡£”   trial£ºÉóѶ£¬ÉóÀí   to roll out sth/to roll sth out£º[ +pastry ] ½«…ߦƽ£»½«…ߦ±¡   admissions dean£ºÕÐÉúÖ÷ÈÎ   dean£º£¨´óѧµÄ£©Ñ§ÔºÔº³¤£¬ÏµÖ÷ÈÎ   conceivably£ºadv. ¿ÉÄܵأ»ÁîÈËÐÅ·þµØ   ±¾°¸ÖеÄÔ­¸æ±ç³Æ£¬¹þ·ð´óѧͨ¹ý²»¶Ï²ÉȡһЩ½ÏΪģºýµÄ´ëÊ©À´ÆçÊÓÑÇÒáÃÀ¹úÈË¡£¾¡¹ÜÑÇÒáÃÀ¹úÈËÔ¤¼ÆÔÚ2022ÄêÕ¼¸ÃУ¼ȡÈËÊýµÄ22.7%£¬±ÈÑÇÒáÔÚÃÀ¹úÈË¿ÚÖÐËùÕ¼µÄ±ÈÀý¸ßµÃ¶à¡£µ«ÄÚ²¿Éó²é¼¸ÄêÇ°Ö¸³ö£¬Èç¹û¹þ·ðµÄºâÁ¿±ê×¼Ö»Óп¼ÊԳɼ¨£¬ÑÇÒá¼ȡÈËÊýµÄÕ¼±È½«ÊÇ43%¡£   ¸ù¾ÝÍ¥Éó×ÊÁÏ£¬¹ýÈ¥ÁùÄ꣬¹þ·ð¼ȡµÄÌåÓýÉú¡¢¾èÔùÕßÏà¹ØÕß¡¢±ÏÒµÉú»ò½ÌÖ°Ô±¹¤¼ÒÍ¥µÄ´«Í³ÉúÖеİ×ÈËѧÉú´ïÔ¼2680ÈË£¬³¬¹ýÕâÒ»ÆÚ¼ä¼ȡµÄËùÓÐÑÇÒáѧÉúÈËÊý2460ÈË£¬¶ø·ÇÒáºÍÀ­¶¡Òá¼ȡÉúÈËÊý¼ÓÆðÀ´²Å2693ÈË¡£   Æäʵ£¬Ò»Ð©ÃÀ¹úÃûУÔÚÕÐÉúʱÆçÊÓÑÇÒáѧÉúÒѲ»ÊÇÃØÃÜ¡£   ÆÕÁÖ˹¶Ù´óѧһÏîÑо¿·¢ÏÖ£¬ÑÇÒáѧÉúµÄSAT³É¼¨ÐèÒª±È°×È˸߳ö140·Ö£¬±ÈÀ­ÃÀÒá¸ß270·Ö£¬±È·ÇÖÞÒá¸ß450·Ö²ÅÄܽøÈëÃÀ¹úÒ»Á÷´óѧ£¬³¬¸ßµÄ·ÖÊýÏß±»³ÆΪ“ÑÇÒáË°”¡£   ¹þ·ð´óѧÕâÑù»ØÓ¦£º   Nonetheless, Fitzsimmons said Harvard has good reason to pay attention to backers. µ«£¨ÕÐÉú°ì¸ºÔðÈË£©·Ñ´ÄÎ÷ÃÅ˹˵£¬¹þ·ðÓгä·ÖÀíÓɶÔÖ§³ÖÕ߸øÓè¸ü¶à¹Ø×¢¡£   "It is important for the long-term strength of the institution, in that we have the resources we need to, among other things, provide scholarships," he said. Ëû˵£º“Õâ¶ÔѧУµÄ³¤ÆÚʵÁ¦ºÜÖØÒª£¬ÕâÑùÎÒÃDzÅÄÜÓµÓÐÌṩ½±Ñ§½ðµÈËùÐèµÄ×ÊÔ´¡£”   ·Ñ´ÄÎ÷ÃÅ˹˵£¬¹þ·ð¸øÓèÓÅ´ýµÄÀà±ðºÜ¶à£¬²»½öÏÞÓÚÌåÓýÉú¡¢¾èÔùÉúºÍ´«Í³Éú¡£   Harvard also offers an advantage to applicants from Boston and Cambridge, low-income students, and those from more rural states, Fitzsimmons said. Ëû˵£¬¹þ·ð´óѧ¸øÓèÕÐÉúÓÅ´ýµÄ»¹°üÀ¨À´×Ô²¨Ê¿¶ÙºÍ½£ÇŵÄѧÉú¡¢µÍÊÕÈëѧÉú¡¢ÒÔ¼°½ÏÆ«Ô¶ÖݵÄÉêÇëÕß¡£   µ«´ó¶àÊý¹þ·ðѧÉú¶¼À´×Ô¸»Ô£¼ÒÍ¥¡£   Harvard’s 2019 class is 40 percent white, 24 percent Asian-American, 14 percent African-American and 14 percent Hispanic — but a massive 82 percent of those scholars are economically advantaged, said Kahlenberg. ¹þ·ð´óѧ2019¼¶ÐÂÉúÖÐÓÐ40%ÊÇ°×ÈË£¬24%ÊÇÑÇÒᣬ14%ÊÇ·ÇÖÞÒá¡¢»¹ÓÐ14%ÊÇÎ÷°àÑÀÒá¡£µ«Óжà´ï82%µÄѧÉúÀ´×Ô¸»Ô£¼ÒÍ¥¡£   Dean of Harvard College Rakesh Khurana later confirmed that the school’s own data shows 30 percent of students at Harvard come from the top 5 percent of household incomes in the US — earning more than $150,000 a year. ¹þ·ð´óѧѧԺԺ³¤À­¿­Ê²·¿âÀ­ÄÉÖ®ºóÈ·ÈÏ˵£¬Ñ§Ð£Í³¼ÆÊý¾ÝÏÔʾ£¬30%µÄѧÉúÀ´×Ô¼ÒÍ¥ÊÕÈëλÁÐÈ«ÃÀ¼ÒÍ¥ÊÕÈëÇ°5%µÄ¼ÒÍ¥£¬Ò²¾ÍÊǼÒÍ¥ÄêÊÕÈ볬¹ý15ÍòÃÀÔª¡£   “Harvard University is literally the richest university in the entire country. [Its] $37 billion endowment is bigger than the GDP of half the world’s countries,” Richard Kahlenberg said. £¨ÆðËßÍÅÌåµÄר¼ÒÖ¤ÈË£©Àí²éµÂ·¿¨Âײ®¸ñ˵£º“ʵ¼ÊÉϹþ·ð´óѧÒѾ­³ÉΪȫÃÀ×îÓÐÇ®µÄ´óѧ£¬Ñ§Ð£»ñµÃµÄ370ÒÚÃÀÔªµÄ¾èÔù±ÈÈ«Çò°ëÊý¹ú¼ÒµÄ¹úÄÚÉú²ú×ÜÖµ¶¼Òª¸ß¡£”   Talking to reporters outside the courtroom, one of Harvard's lawyers, William Lee, emphasized that while the children of some donors get in, some don't. He added that there's no evidence the preference affects Asian-Americans. ¹þ·ð´óѧµÄһλÂÉʦÍþÁ®·ÀîÔÚ·¨Í¥Íâ½ÓÊܼÇÕ߲ɷÃʱǿµ÷£¬¾¡¹ÜһЩ¾èÔùÕßµÄ×ÓÅ®»ñµÃ¼ȡ£¬Ò²ÓÐÁíÒ»²¿·Öû±»Â¼È¡¡£Ã»ÓÐÖ¤¾Ý±íÃ÷ÕâÖÖÕÐÉúÆ«ºÃ¶ÔÑÇÒáѧÉúÓÐÓ°Ïì¡£   courtroom£º·¨Í¥£¬ÉóÅÐÊÒ   there's no evidence£ºÃ»ÓÐÖ¤¾Ý±íÃ÷……   preference£ºÆ«ºÃ£¬Æ«°®   ÃÀ¹ú˾·¨²¿Õý¾Í´Ëµ÷²é   ¹þ·ð´óѧÆçÊÓÑÇÒáÎÊÌâÖÕÓÚÊܵ½ÃÀ¹úÕþ¸®¹Ø×¢£¬Ë¾·¨²¿ÕýÔھʹ˽øÐе÷²é¡£ µ«¹þ·ð´óѧ·½ÃæûÓÐÅäºÏµ÷²é£¬ÆäÂÉʦÉù³ÆÕÐÉú·½Ê½ÒÑ»ñµÃÁª°î·¨ÔºÈÏ¿É¡£ ÃÀ¹ú˾·¨²¿¹ÙÔ±±íʾ£¬Ë¾·¨²¿“±ðÎÞÑ¡Ôñ£¬Ö»ÄÜÈ϶¨¹þ·ð´óѧΥ·´ÃñȨ·¨µÚÁùÌõ”¡£ ÃÀ¹úÃñȨ·¨µÚÁùÌõ¹æ¶¨£¬ÈκÎÈËÔÚÃÀ¹ú²»µÃÒòÖÖ×å¡¢·ôÉ«»ò³öÉúµØ¶øÊܵ½ÈκνÓÊÜÁª°î²ÆÕþ×ÊÖúµÄÏîÄ¿»ò»î¶¯µÄÆçÊÓ¡£ ÃÀ¹ú˾·¨²¿Ö¸Ôð¹þ·ð´óѧ²»ÅäºÏµ÷²é£¬“ÊÔͼÌӱܑµÚÁùÌõ’µÄÔðÈΔ¡£ ¾¡¹Üµ÷²éÓöµ½À§ÄÑ£¬Ë¾·¨²¿¼á³ÖÒªÇó¹þ·ð´óѧÌá½»ÕÐÉúÎļþ¡£Èç¹û12ÔÂ1ÈÕÇ°¹þ·ð´óѧÈÔδÌá½»£¬Ë¾·¨²¿¿ÉÄÜ»áÌáÆðËßËÏ¡£   Conservatives love to decry affirmative action as “reverse racism” and condemn the idea of racial quotas. What this lawsuit, perhaps inadvertently, has made abundantly clear, however, is that the most widespread affirmative action programs at play in elite institutions don’t help minority racial groups – they help rich, predominantly white people. ±£ÊØÅÉÃÇϲ»¶Ç´ÔðƽȨ·¨°¸ÊÇ“ÄæÏòµÄÖÖ×åÖ÷Ò唣¬Ç´ÔðÖÖ×åÅä¶îµÄ¹ÛÄȻ¶ø£¬Õⳡ¹Ù˾£¬Ò²ÐíÊÇÎÞÒâÖÐŪÇå³þÁËÒ»¼þÊ£¬ÔÚ¾«Ó¢»ú¹¹Öй㷺ʵʩµÄƽȨÐж¯¼Æ»®²¢Ã»ÓаïÖúÉÙÊý×åÒᣬËûÃÇ°ïÖúµÄÊǸ»ÈË£¬¶øÇÒÖ÷ÒªÊÇ°×ÈË¡£   Conservatives£º±£ÊØÅÉ   decry£ºÇ´Ôð£¬Ú®»Ù   affirmative action£ºÆ½È¨·¨°¸   affirmative£ºadj. ¿Ï¶¨µÄ£»Ô޳ɵģ»»ý¼«µÄ   condemn£ºÇ´Ôð£¬ÉùÌÖ   inadvertently£ºadv.²»×¢ÒâµØ£»ÊèºöµØ£»·Ç¹ÊÒâµØ   minority£ºn. ÉÙÊýÃñ×壻adj. ÉÙÊýµÄ£»ÊôÓÚÉÙÊýÅÉµÄ   predominantly£ºadv.Ö÷ÒªµØ£»Õ¼ÓÅÊƵأ»Ñ¹µ¹Ðﵯ   ͯЬÃǾõµÃÄãÀë¹þ·ð»¹²îµãɶÄØ£¿»¶Ó­ÁôÑÔ·ÖÏí£¡

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