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2005-08-22    À´Ô´:http://www.putclub.com    ¡¾´ó ÖРС¡¿      ÃÀ¹úÍâ½Ì ÔÚÏß¿ÚÓïÅàѵ

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   ÔÚÕâÒ»¿ÎÀï, ÎÒÃÇѧϰ¼¸¸öÁ¬½Ó´Ê, ±È·½ "¼ÈÈ»" since, "ËäÈ»" although, "¿ÉÊÇ"nevertheless, "ΪÁËÒª" in order to µÈµÈ. ÎÒÃÇ»¹ÒªÌ¸Ò»Ì¸ÓйØÒÆÃñµÄÊÂÇé. Ê×ÏÈÎÒÃÇÀ´Ìý½ñÌìÕâÒ»¿ÎµÄ¶Ô»°,   ÄÚÈÝÊÇ˵¿­ÌظúËýµÄͬʱȶû̸µ½ÁËѧУÀïµÄÍâ¹úѧÉú. ÇëÄã×¢ÒâÌýÓ¢ÎÄÀÏʦµÄ·¢ÒôºÍÓïµ÷.

   M: Kate, how's the new student in your class doing?
   F:  The  kid  from  Haiti?  He's  having a rough time communicating since he doesn't  speak much English. However, the other kids seem to include him pretty well.
   M: Our students are used to new kids who don't speak much English since we have had so many new immigrant families move into our school district.
   F:  Don't  I  know  it! This year I have had a   Vietnamese, an Ethiopian, a  Cuban and the kid from Haiti in my class. I spend a lot of time with them after class so that they can catch up.
   M: It must have been hard for you since you have to give them special attention in  order  to help them.
   F:  It has been. Nevertheless, it's really rewarding to see them progress and make friends.

   ÏÖÔÚÎÒÃÇÔٰѶԻ°ÌýÒ»±é. ÇëÄã×¢ÒâÌý. 

   M: Kate, how's the new student in your class doing?
   F:  The  kid  from  Haiti?  He's  having a rough time communicating since he doesn't  speak much English. However, the other kids seem to include him pretty well.
   M: Our students are used to new kids who don't speak much English since we have had so many new immigrant families move into our school district.
   F:  Don't  I  know  it! This year I have had a   Vietnamese, an Ethiopian, a  Cuban and the kid from Haiti in my class. I spend a lot of time with them after class so that they can catch up.
   M: It must have been hard for you since you have to give them special attention in  order  to help them.
   F:  It has been. Nevertheless, it's really rewarding to see them progress and make friends. 

   ÏÖÔÚÀÏʦ°Ñ¶Ô»°Àï°üº¬ÁËÁ¬½Ó´ÊµÄ¾ä×ÓÔÙÄîÒ»±é¸øÄãÌý

   F:  He's having a rough time since he doesn't speak much English.
   F:  However, the other kids seem to include him pretty well.
   F:  I spend a lot of time with them after class so that they can catch up.
   M: You have to give them special attention in order to help them.
   F:  Nevertheless, it's really rewarding to see them progress and make friends.

¶þ.SINCE

   Ê×ÏÈÎÒÃÇÁ·Ï°Óà since, s-i-n-c-e, since À´±íÃ÷Ò»¼þÊÂÇéµÄÔ­Òò. ±È·½,ÓÐÒ»¾ä»°"Ëû¾õµÃ±ðŤÒòΪËû³¤µÃ¸ú±ðµÄº¢×Ó²»Í¬." Õâ¾ä»°Ó¢ÎÄ¿ÉÒÔÕâÑù˵:   He feels awkward since he looks different  from the other kids. ÏÖÔÚÇëÄã×¢ÒâÌý±È¶ûÌá³ö¸úº£µØÀ´µÄÄǸöѧÉúÓйØϵµÄÎÊÌâ, ±È·½: Why doesn't he speak English?½Ó×Å¿­ÌØ˵³öÔ­Òò: He was never taught the language. ÇëÄã¸ú¿­ÌØÒ»ÆðÕâÑù»Ø´ðÎÊÌâ:  He  doesn't  speak   Englihs because   he  was never  taught  the  language.

   ºÃ, ÏÖÔÚÎÒÃÇ¿ªÊ¼.

   M: Why doesn't he speak English?
   F:  He was never taught the language.
   F:  He doesn't speak English since he was never taught the language.
   M: Why does he have a rough time communicating?
   F:  He doesn't speak much English.
   F:  He has a rough time communicating since he doesn't speak much English.
   M: Why doesn't he play with the other kids?
   F:  He has a rough time communicating.
   F:  He doesn't play with the other kids since he has a rough time communicating.
   M: Why does he feel awkward?
   F:  He looks different from the other kids.
   F:  He feel awkward since he looks different from the other kids.
   M: Why is he behind?
   F:  He doesn't understand much English.
   F:  He's behind since he doesn't understand much English.

Èý.THEREFORE

   ÏÂÃæÎÒÃÇÁ·Ï°ÓÃtherefore, t-h-e-r-e-f-o-r-e,thereforeÀ´±íÃ÷Ò»¼þÊÂÇéµÄ½á¹û. ±È·½"Ëû»¹Ð¡, Òò´ËËû»áºÜ¿ìѧºÃÓ¢ÎÄ."   Õâ¾ä»°¿ÉÒÔÕâÑù˵: He's  young.  Therefore he'll pick up English quickly.   ÏÖÔÚ»¹ÊÇÇëÄã×¢ÒâÌý±È¶ûÌá³öһЩ¸ú´Óº£µØÀ´µÄÄǸöѧÉúÓйØϵµÄÎÊÌâ,   ±È·½:  Will  he   make  friends?   ½Ó×Å¿­ÌØ˵: Yes, the other kids like him. ÇëÄã¸ú¿­ÌØÒ»ÆðÕâÑù»Ø´ð: The other kids like him. Therefore he'll make friends. ÏÖÔÚÎÒÃÇ¿ªÊ¼.

   M: Will he pick up English quickly?
   F:  Yes, he's young.
   F:  He's young. Therefore he'll pick up English quickly.
   M: Will he catch up?
   F:  Yes, he studies hard.
   F:  He studies hard. Therefore he'll catch up.
   M: Will he make progress?
   F:  Yes, He's in the special programs.
   F:  He's in the special programs. Therefore he'll make progress.
   M: Will he be accepted by his classmates?
   F:  Yes, he's not the only foreign student in his class.
   F:  He's not the only foreign student in his class. Therefore he'll be accepted.
   M: Will he make friends?
   F:  Yes, the other kids like him.
   F:  The other kids like him. Therefore he'll make friends.

ËÄ.HOWEVERºÍALTHOUGH

   ÏÂÃæÎÒÃÇ×÷Ò»×éÁ·Ï°,   ±È½ÏÁ¬½Ó´Ê   "È»¶ø"   however, h-o-w-e-v-e-r, however ¸ú"ËäÈ»" although, a-l-t-h-o-u-g-h, although ÔÚÓ÷¨Éϵķֱð.±È·½ÀÏʦÄîÁ½¸ö¾ä×Ó,µÚÒ»¸ö¾ä×ÓÊÇ: "ËûÊÇÒÆÃñ."  He's an  immigrant. µÚ¶þ¸ö¾ä×ÓÊÇ  "È»¶øËû²»¾õµÃÊÜÅųâ."  However, he doesn't  feel rejected. ѧÉú¾Í°ÑÁ½¸ö¾ä×Ӻϲ¢³ÉÒ»¾ä, ±äΪ  "ËäÈ»ËûÊÇÒÆÃñ,  µ«ÊÇËû²»¾õµÃÊÜÅųâ."     Although  he's  an  immigrant,  he doesn't feel rejected.   Õâ×éÁ·Ï°ÀïµÄ¾ä×Ó¶¼ÊÇ˵µ½¿­ÌØ°àÉÏÄǸö´Óº£µØÀ´µÄÐÂѧÉú, ±È·½ËûÓ¢ÎÄ˵µÃ²»ºÃ, ÓÖÓпÚÒô, ¿ÉÊÇËû²»ÆøÄÙ, »¹ÊÇÉè·¨¸úͬѧ½»ÍùµÈµÈ. ÇëÄã¸úѧÉúÒ»Æð×÷Á·Ï°.

   M: He's an immigrant. However, he doesn't feel rejected.
   F:  Although he's an immigrant, he doesn't feel rejected.
   M: He looks different. However, he's accepted.
   F:  Although he looks different, he's accepted.
   M: He has a rough time communicating. However, he isn't discouraged.
   F:  Although he has a rough time communicating, he isn't discouraged.
   M: He cannot express himself clearly. However, he tries to make friends with the other kids.
   F:  Although he cannot express himself clearly, he tries to make friends with the other kids.
   M: He speaks English with an accent. However, the other kids understand him.
   F:  Although he speaks English with an accent, the other kids understand him.

Îå.NEVERTHELESS

   ³ýÁË however Õâ¸ö×ÖÒÔÍâ, ÁíÍâÒ»¸ö×Ö,Ò²¾ÍÊÇ nevertheless, n-e-v-e-r-t-h-e-l-e- s-s, nevertheless  Ò²¿ÉÒÔÓÃÀ´±íʾ "È»¶ø". ÏÖÔÚÎÒÃÇ×÷Ò»×éÁ·Ï°, Ò»±ßѧϰÕâ¸öÁ¬½Ó´ÊµÄÓ÷¨, Ò»±ß̸һ̸Íâ¹úÒÆÃñÒƾÓÃÀ¹úµÄ¾­Àú.    Á·Ï°µÄ×÷·¨ÊÇÀÏʦÓà although ×÷Ò»¸ö¾ä×Ó, ±È·½ "ËäÈ»ÒƾӺÜÒòÄÑ, µ«ÊÇÐí¶àÒÆÃñ»¹ÊÇǨÒƵ½ÃÀ¹úÀ´ÁË." Although it was difficult  to  resettle, many immigrants migrated  to   the United States.  ѧÉú¾Í°Ñ¾ä×ӸijÉ:    It  was difficult  to  resettle.  Nevertheless, many immigrants migrated to the United States.   Õâ×éÁ·Ï°ÀïÓÐЩ´Ê»ã¿ÉÄÜÄã²»Êì,  ±È·½ "ıÉú"  make a living, "ÊÊÓ¦"   adapt  to,  "¿àÄÑ"  hardship  µÈµÈ,  ÇëÄã¸úѧÉúÒ»Æð×÷Á·Ï°µÄʱºòÌرð×¢Òâ. ÏÖÔÚ¿ªÊ¼.

   M: Although it was difficult to resettle, many immigrants migrated to the United States.
   F:  It was difficult to resettle. Nevertheless, many immigrants migrated to the United States.
   M: Although they were born in foreign countries, they've become Americans.
   F:  They were born in foreigh countries. Nevertheless, they've become Americans.
   M: Although their English wasn't good, they had other skills to make a living.
   F:  Their English wasn't good. Nevertheless, they had other skills to make a living.
   M: Although  it  wasn't  easy  to  cope  with   the  new  environment, they finally adapted to the new life style.
   F:  It wasn't easy to cope  with  the new environment.   Nevertheless,  they  finally  adapted to the new life style.
   M: Although they suffered hardships, they don't feel regret.
   F:  They suffered hardships. Nevertheless, they don't feel regret.

Áù.IN ORDER TO

   ÏÖÔÚÎÒÃÇѧϰÓà in order to, i-n o-r-d-e-r t-o, in order to. Õâ¸ö´Ê×é¿ÉÒÔÓÃÀ´±íʾ"ΪÁËÒª".±È·½ÓÐÁ½¾ä»°: "ËûÃÇÒƾӵ½Ð´ó½."They migrated to the New World."ËûÃÇÒªÓÐÐÂÉú»î." They wanted to have a new  life. ÕâÁ½¾ä»°Óà in order to   Á¬½ÓÆðÀ´¾Í±ä³É:They migrated to the New World in order to have a new life. ÏÖÔÚÎÒÃÇ×÷Ò»×éÁ·Ï°, ÓÉÀÏʦÄîÁ½¾ä»°, ѧÉú¾ÍÓà  in order to  °ÑÁ½¾ä»°±äΪһ¾ä.Õâ×éÁ·Ï°µÄÄÚÈÝ˵µÄÊÇÍâ¹úÈËÀëÏç±³¾®ÒƾÓÃÀ¹úµÄÔ­Òò. Á·Ï°ÀïÓÐЩ´Ê»ã¿ÉÄÜÄã²»Êì,   ±È·½ "ÐÅÑö×Ú½Ì"  to worship a religion. "ÕþÖζ¯µ´²»°²" political unrest, "ÏȽø¼¼Êõ" advanced technology,  "ÍÅÔ²" to be united with µÈµÈ,ÇëÄã¸úѧÉúÒ»Æð×÷Á·Ï°µÄʱºòÌرð×¢Òâ. ÏÖÔÚ¿ªÊ¼.

   M: They migrated to the New World. They wanted to have a new life.
   F:  They migrated to the New World in order to have a new life.
   M: They resettled in  America. They wanted to worship their religions freely.
   F:  They resettled in America in order to worship their religions freely.
   M: They moved to the U.S. They wanted to avoid political unrest.
   F:  They moved to the U.S. in order to avoid political unrest.
   M: They relocated in this country. They wanted to study advanced technology.
   F:  They relocated in this country in order to study advanced technology.
   M: They came from their native countries. They  wanted  to  be   reunited with their families in the U.S.
   F:  They came from thier native countries in order to be reunited with their families in the U.S.

Æß.IN ORDER TO ºÍ SO THAT µÄÇø±ð

   ÏÂÃæÎÒÃÇ×÷Ò»×éÁ·Ï°±È½Ï in order to ¸ú "Òò´Ë" so that, s-o  t-h-a-t, so that ÔÚÓ÷¨Éϵķֱð,   ͬʱҲ̸һ̸µ½ÃÀ¹úµÄÒÆÃñ.    Á·Ï°µÄ×÷·¨ÊÇÀÏʦ˵:   They left their homelands in order to have better working conditions. ѧÉú¾Í°Ñ¾ä×ӸijÉ: They  left  their homeland  so  that they  could   have  better  working  conditions. ѧÉú×÷Á·Ï°µÄʱºòÇëÄãÒ²Ò»Æð×÷.

   M: They migrated to the New World in order to have a new life.
   F:  They migrated to the New World so that they could have a new life.
   M: They resettled in America in order to worship their religions freely.
   F:  They resettled in America so that they could worship their religions freely.
   M: They moved to the U.S. in order to avoid political unrest.
   F:  They moved to the U.S. so that they could avoid political unrest.
   M: They relocated in this country in order to study advanced technology.
   F:  They relocated in this country so that they could study advanced technology.
   M: They left their homelands in order to have better working conditions.
   F:  They left their homelands so that they could have better working conditions.

°Ë.Ìý¶ÌÎĻشðÎÊÌâ

   Ê×ÏÈÀÏʦ¸øÄãÄîһƪÎÄÕ½éÉܵ½ÃÀ¹ú¶¨¾ÓµÄ¸÷¹úÒÆÃñ, ²¢ÇÒ̸µ½ÃÀ¹úΪʲôÊǸö´óÈÛ¯. ÇëÄã×¢ÒâÌý.

   America  is  a  country  of  immigrants.  Nearly  the  entire  population  can trace its origins to someplace outside of the U.S.  The  group of   people with the longest period of residence in North America are  American Indians. It is believed that they migrated from Asia several thousand years ago. The next people to come  to  what   is  now  the U.S. were Europeans.  They came as colonists between 350 and  250 years ago.  Many of  these colonists came from England and settled along the  Atlantic coast.   Other  colonists came  from  Spain and settled  in  Florida  and  in  the   southwestern  part  of  the country.  When  the  colonists  had established themselves,  large numbers of  Africans were forced to come to North America as slaves. Through  the 19th  century,   many immigrants   came  to  the U.S.  The  earlier  ones were largely from Ireland, Germany and other parts of  western Europe.  Later,  many immigrants came  from  northern  and  southern  Europe   and  from  Asia. In  this  century many Eastern Europeans have come to the U.S. and more recently  thousands of people from  Southeast Asia and the Caribbean  area  have  come to live in the U.S.  These  people  have  come  to  the U.S. for   many  reasons.   Some came in order to make better lives for themselves in a new country.  Others came so  that   they could  worship their religions more freely. Many immigrants left their homelands because of war, political unrest or bad  economic and living conditions.  Although  most  immigrants  chose  to  come  to   the  U. S.  themselves,  they  often  suffered hardships getting to the country.  The conditions in which many people lived when they  first arrived  were  very  difficult.   However, most   immigrants  managed to establish themselves and have good lives in the U.S.   The  U.S.  today is called  the  melting  pot  since  people who  came  from  different  countries  have  all become  Americans.

   ÏÖÔÚÇëÄã»Ø´ðÎÊÌâ. Äã»Ø´ðÖ®ºóÀÏʦ»á°ÑÕýÈ·´ð°¸Äî¸øÄãÌý.

   µÚÒ»¸öÎÊÌâÊÇ:
   M: Where did American immigrants come from?
   F:  They came from all over the world.

   µÚ¶þ¸öÎÊÌâÊÇ:
   M: What were some of the reasons for immigrants to leave their homelands?
   F:  Religion,  war,  political  unrest,  bad   economic  and  living conditions were some of  the reasons for immigrants to leave their homelands.

   µÚÈý¸öÎÊÌâÊÇ:
   M: Was it difficult for immigrants to get to the U.S.?
   F:  Yes, it was often difficult.



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