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2005-08-22    À´Ô´:http://www.putclub.com    ¡¾´ó ÖРС¡¿      ÃÀ¹úÍâ½Ì ÔÚÏß¿ÚÓïÅàѵ

Ò».±¾¿ÎÒªµã¼°Ê¾Àý

   ÔÚÕâÒ»¿ÎÀï, ÎÒÃÇѧϰ¼¸¸ö¸úʱ¼äÓйØϵµÄ³£ÓÃÓï,±È·½ "׼ʱ"on time,"¼°Ê±"   in time, "×ÜÊÇ" all the time, "ÓÐʱºò"  from time to time, µÈµÈ.   ÁíÍâÎÒÃÇҪ̸ÃÀ¹úÈ˵Äʱ¼ä¹ÛÄî, ˳±ã̸һ̸ÔÚÕâÌ׽̲ÄÀï³öÏÖ¹ýµÄÈËÎï.

   Ê×ÏÈÎÒÃÇÒÀÕÕ¹ßÀýÌýÒ»¶Î¶Ô»°, ÄÚÈÝÊÇ˵ÕäÄÝÔ糿ÆðÀ´È¥Åܲ½, ×÷Ô˶¯,  »Ø¼Ò·ÉÏÓöµ½±«²ª, Á½¸öÈË̸»°µÄ¾­¹ý. ÇëÄã×¢ÒâÌýÓ¢ÎÄÀÏʦµÄ·¢ÒôºÍÓïµ÷.

   M: Jenny, I haven't seen you for a long time. How have you been?
   F:  I've been busy, Bob. How are you?
   M: I'm fine. You have been running, haven't you? Where do you find the time?
   F:  It does take a lot of time, but I really enjoy it. Why don't   you try it?
   M: Well, I think about it from time to time, but it seems like I never have enough time.
   F:  Speaking of not having enough time, I really need to get home and take a shower. I have a class in an hour. I want to be on time for it.
   M: Okay, I'll talk to you some other time.

   ÏÖÔÚÎÒÃÇÌýÀÏʦÓÃÂýËÙ¶ÈÔÙ°ÑÕû¶Î¶Ô»°ÄîÒ»±é.

   M: Jenny, I haven't seen you for a long time. How have you been?
   F:  I've been busy, Bob. How are you?
   M: I'm fine. You have been running, haven't you? Where do you find the time?
   F:  It does take a lot of time, but I really enjoy it. Why don't   you try it?
   M: Well, I think about it from time to time, but it seems like I never have enough time.
   F:  Speaking of not having enough time, I really need to get home and take a shower. I have a class in an hour. I want to be on time for it.
   M: Okay, I'll talk to you some other time.

   ¸Õ²ÅÄǶζԻ°Àï°üº¬ÁËÐí¶à¸úʱ¼äÓйØϵµÄË×Óï.   ÏÖÔÚÎÒ°ÑÕâЩÓÐË×ÓïµÄ¾ä×ÓÌô³öÀ´, ÇëÀÏʦÔÙÄîÒ»±é¸øÄãÌý.

   M: I haven't seen you for a long time.
   M: Where do you find the time?
   F:  It does take a lot of time.
   M: I think about it from time to time.
   F:  I want to be on time for it.
   M: I'll talk to you some other time.

¶þ.ON TIME

   ÏÖÔÚÎÒÃÇÌô³ö¼¸¸ö±íÃ÷ʱ¼äµÄ³£ÓÃÓï·Ö±ð×÷Á·Ï°. Ê×ÏÈÎÒÃÇÁ·Ï° "׼ʱ" »òÊÇ"ÊØʱ" on time, o-n t-i-m-e, on time µÄÓ÷¨. ÏÂÃæÄÐÀÏʦÓÃÕâ¸ö´Ê×é×÷һЩ¾ä×Ó˵Ã÷ÕäÄݺÜÊØʱ,   ±È·½  "ÕäÄÝÎÞÂÛ×÷ʲôÊÂ×ÜÊÇÏë×ÅҪ׼ʱ."  Jenny  is preoccupied  with  being  on  time. "Ëý×ÜÊÇ׼ʱ¸°Ô¼»á."   She is always on  time for an appointment. µÈµÈ. ÇëÄã×¢ÒâÌýÄÐÀÏʦÄî¾ä×Ó, ²¢ÇÒ¸úÅ®ÀÏʦһÆð°Ñ¾ä×ÓÖظ´Ò»±é.

   M: Jenny wants to be on time for her class.
   F:  Jenny wants to be on time for her class.
   M: She was taught to be on time when she was small.
   F:  She was taught to be on time when she was small.
   M: She feels that being on time is a good habit.
   F:  She feels that being on time is a good habit.
   M: She thinks that being on time is important.
   F:  She thinks that being on time is important.
   M: She is preoccupied with being on time.
   F:  She is preoccupied with being on time.
   M: She is always on time for an appointment.
   F:  She is always on time for an appointment.
   M: She is always on time for work.
   F:  She is always on time for work.
   M: She tells her boss if she cannot be on time for work.
   F:  She tells her boss if she cannot be on time for work.
   M: She wants to be on time because she values time.
   F:  She wants to be on time because she values time.

   ÏÂÃæÎÒÃÇ×÷Ò»×é´ú»»Á·Ï°, Ò»·½ÃæÁ·Ï° on time Õâ¸ö´Ê×é,Ò»·½Ãæ¿´Ò»¿´Ê²Ã´ÑùµÄÈËͨ³£±È½Ï׼ʱ.   Á·Ï°µÄ×÷·¨ÊÇÀÏʦÄîÒ»¸öÓдӾäµÄÎÊÌâ, È»ºóÀÏʦÄîÁíÍâÒ»¸ö´Ó¾ä, ÇëÄã°Ñ´Ó¾ä´ú»»µ½Ô­À´µÄ¾ä×ÓÀï. Õâ×éÁ·Ï°ÀïÓÐЩ´Ê»ã¿ÉÄÜÄã²»Êì,±È·½  "Õä¹ó" precious,  "×¢ÖØʱ¼äµÄ"   time-oriented,  "·±Ã¦µÄ"  hectic, "ʱ¼ä±í"schedule,  "ÈÏÕæµØ" conscientiously,   ÇëÄãÔÚ×÷Á·Ï°µÄʱºòÌرð×¢Òâ. ÿ×÷ÍêÒ»¾äÀÏʦ¾Í°ÑÕýÈ·´ð°¸ÄîÒ»±é¸øÄãÌý.  ÏÖÔÚ¿ªÊ¼.

   M: Are those who have a watch usually on time?
   M: who worry about being late
   F:  Are those who worry about being late usually on time?
   M: who value time
   F:  Are those who value time usually on time?
   M: who consider time precious
   F:  Are those who consider time precious usually on time?
   M: who live in a time-oriented society
   F:  Are those who live in a time-oriented society usually on time?
   M: who have a hectic schedule
   F:  Are those who have a hectic schedule usually on time?
   M: who work conscientiously
   F:  Are those who work conscientiously usually on time?

Èý.IN TIME

   ÏÂÃæÎÒÃÇÁ·Ï°ÔõôÓà "¼°Ê±" in time, i-n t-i-m-e, in time ×÷¾ä×Ó. Á·Ï°µÄ×÷·¨ÊDZ«²ªÎÊÕäÄÝһЩÎÊÌâ, ±È·½"Äã½ñÌìÔçÉϸÏÉÏÄÇ°àÖ±´ï³µÁËÂð?" Did  you catch the express bus this morning? ÕäÄݾÍÓà in time ×÷¿Ï¶¨µÄ´ð¸². ÇëÄã×¢ÒâÌý.

   M: Did you catch the express bus this morning?
   F:  Yes, I caught it in time.
   M: Did you make it to your class?
   F:  Yes, I made it in time.
   M: Did you finish the exam?
   F:  Yes, I finished it in time.
   M: Did you talk to your advisor before he left the office?
   F:  Yes, I talked to him in time.
   M: Did you make it to the doctor's appointment after school?
   F:  Yes, I made it in time.
   M: Did you get home before the traffic hour started?
   F:  Yes, I got home in time.

   ÏÂÃæÎÒÃÇÔÙ×÷Ò»×éÁ·Ï°.  Ê×ÏÈÀÏʦ˵һ¾ä»°, ±È·½: Jenny talked to her advisor just before he left  the office. ÇëÄã°Ñ¾ä×ӸijÉ: She  talked to her advisor  in time.Õâ×éÁ·Ï°²»µ«Ìáµ½ÕäÄÝ»¹Ìáµ½ÆäËûÔÚÕâÌ׽̲ÄÀï³öÏÖ¹ýµÄÈËÎï¸úËûÃÇ×ö¹ýµÄһЩÊÂÇé, Ï£ÍûÄ㻹¼ÇµÃ.ÏÖÔÚÎÒÃÇ¿ªÊ¼×÷Á·Ï°, ÿ×÷ÍêÒ»¾ä,   ¾ÍÇëÄãÌýÀÏʦÄîÕýÈ·´ð°¸.

   M: Jenny talked to her advisor just before he left his office.
   F:  She talked to her advisor in time.
   M: Bob got back from China the day before the semester started.
   F:  He got back from China in time.
   M: Henry and Kate paid their income tax before it was too late.
   F:  They paid their income tax in time.
   M: Henry and other firemen put out  the fire just  before it started to spread.
   F:  They put out the fire in time.
   M: Nancy finished typing the fire report an hour before it was due.
   F:  She finished typing the fire report in time.
   M: Kate picked up her car just before the garage close.
   F:  She picked up her car in time.
   M: Peter got into his parents' trailer before it started to rain.
   F:  He got into his parents' trailer in time.
   M: Mary got her graduation cap and gown the day before the graduation ceremony.
   F:  She got her graduation cap and gown in time.
   M: Linda bought a swimming suit for Jenny on the last day of the sale.
   F:  She bought a swimming suit for Jenny in time.

ËÄ.FROM TIME TO TIME

   ÏÖÔÚÎÒÃÇÁ·Ï°ÔõôÓà from  time  to  time, f-r-o-m  t-i-m-e  t-o t-i-m-e,  from time to time Õâ¸ö´Ê×éµÄÒâ˼¾ÍÊÇ "²»Ê±" »òÊÇ  "ÓÐʱºò". ÏÂÃæÀÏʦÓÃÕâ¸ö´Ê×éÌá³öһЩ¸ú¹¤×÷ÓйØϵµÄÎÊÌâ, ±È·½ÃÀ¹úÈËÓÐʱºò¸Ðµ½¹¤×÷³ÁÖØ, ÓÐʱºò¾õµÃÊܵ½Ê±¼äµÄÊø¸¿µÈµÈ,   ÇëÄãÒ»Ò»µØ×÷¿Ï¶¨µÄ´ð¸².  Äã»Ø´ðÖ®ºóÀÏʦ»á°Ñ´ð°¸ÔÙÄîÒ»±é¸øÄãÌý.

   M: Are Americans preoccupied with their jobs from time to time?
   F:  Yes, Americans are preoccupied with their jobs from time to time.
   M: Do they feel job pressure from time to time?
   F:  Yes, they feel job pressure from time to time.
   M: Do they cope with a hectic schedule from time to time?
   F:  Yes, they cope with a hectic schedule from time to time.
   M: Do they work extra hours from time to time?
   F:  Yes, they work extra hours from time to time.
   M: Do they complain about their jobs from time to time?
   F:  Yes, they complain about their jobs from time to time.
   M: Do they need to relax from time to time?
   F:  Yes, they need to relax from time to time.
   M: Do they need to get away from their jobs from time to time?
   F:  Yes, they need to get away from their jobs from time to time.

Îå.ALL THE TIME

   ÏÂÃæÎÒÃÇѧϰÔõôÓà all the time, a-l-l t-h-e t-i-m-e, all the time. Õâ¸ö´Ê×é¿ÉÒÔÓÃÀ´±íʾ "×ÜÊÇ". ±È·½:  He's always busy. ¿ÉÒԸijÉ: He's busy all the time. ÏÖÔÚÀÏʦ×÷һЩ¾ä×Ó˵Ã÷ÔÚÕâÌ׽̲ÄÀï³öÏÖ¹ýµÄһЩÈËÎï.±È·½: Peter doesn't like to wear a watch. He's always late. ѧÉú¾Í°Ñ¾ä×ӸijÉ: Peter doesn't like to wear a watch. He's late all the time.   ѧÉú×÷Á·Ï°µÄʱºòÇëÄãÒ²Ò»Æð×÷.

   M: Jenny is preoccupied with time. She always worries about  being late.
   F:  Jenny is preoccupied with time. She worries about being late all the time.
   M: Peter doesn't like to wear a watch. He's always late.
   F:  Peter doesn't like to wear a watch. He's late all the time.
   M: Henry has a hectic schedule. He's always busy.
   F:  Henry has a hectic schedule. He's busy all the time.
   M: Kate is persuasive. Her students always listen to her.
   F:  Kate is persuasive. Her students listen to her all the time.
   M: Bill is a competitive coach. He always talks about winning a game.
   F:  Bill is a competitive coach. He talks about winning a game all the   time.
   M: Bob likes politics. He always campaigns for somebody.
   F:  Bob likes politics. He campaigns for somebody all the time.
   M: Nancy has financial problems. She always complains about the high cost of living.
   F:  Nancy has financial problems. She complains about the high cost of living all the time.
   M: Bonnie has psychological problems. She's always upset.
   F:  Bonnie has psychological problems. She's upset all the time.

Áù.Ìý¶ÌÎĻشðÎÊÌâ

   ½ñÌìÎÒÃÇÒªÌýµÄÎÄÕÂ̸µ½ÃÀ¹úÈ˺ÜÖØÊÓʱ¼ä. ÕâÒ»µã´ÓÓïÑÔ, Éú»îÏ°¹ßµÈµÈ·½Ã涼¿ÉÒÔ¿´³öÀ´. ÎÄÕÂÀïÐí¶à´Ê»ã¶¼ÊÇÎÒÃǸոÕÁ·Ï°¹ýµÄ. ÏÖÔÚÇëÄã×¢ÒâÌý.

   Americans  think  a  great  deal  about  time.  They constantly refer to time and the value of keeping busy.   From childhood, they learn to value  time,   and  their  language reflects this preoccupation with it.  As children, they are taught  to be on time for events and  to do  work  on  time.  They  learn that  the price of  committing a  crime is to do time in prison.  When  they are having a good time, they say that time flies;  they say sadly of someone who  is   dying  that  he  is  living on borrowed   time.  From  the  time of  its  beginning,  American  English has reflected  this preoccupation with time.  Nowhere can this sense of  time be seen more clearly than in  the working place.  Working Americans are bound to the clock.  It  is  a  commonly   held  belief that one should balance work against a set time, for example an 8 hour day or a 40 hour  week. Anything over these time limits is overtime, and the worker should receive  more money per hour for work  done during overtime.  Time  during  nonworking  hours is  also considered very  precious. Whether an American decides  on  a  hectic  weekend schedule,  when Saturday and Sunday  are filled  with activities,or on a relaxed weekend,the time will be regarded as valuable. Some Americans feel  they have a  love / hate  relationship  with time. They  love  the comforts that progress has brought  through work, but they hate the  bondage to the clock and  the  pressures  of  a time-oriented society.  There  is  little  doubt that  many  Americans feel  they have become servants of the clock.

   ÏÖÔÚÇëÄã»Ø´ðÏÂÃæÈý¸öÎÊÌâ. »Ø´ðÖ®ºóÀÏʦ»áÄîÕýÈ·´ð°¸¸øÄãÌý.

   µÚÒ»¸öÎÊÌâÊÇ:
   M: What are some of the expressions reflecting Americans' preoccupation with time?
   F:  To be on time, have a good time, live on borrowed time and to do time are some  of the expressions reflecting Americans' preoccupation with time.

   µÚ¶þ¸öÎÊÌâÊÇ:
   M: What is overtime?
   F:  Anything over an 8 hour day or a 40 hour week is overtime.

   µÚÈý¸öÎÊÌâÊÇ:
   M: Why do many Americans feel they have become servants of the clock?
   F:  It is because they live in a time-oriented society.



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