Óû§Ãû: ÃÜÂë: ÑéÖ¤Âë:    ×¢²á | Íü¼ÇÃÜÂë?
Ê×Ò³|ÌýÁ¦×ÊÔ´|ÿÈÕÌýÁ¦|ÍøÂçµç̨|ÔÚÏߴʵä|ÌýÁ¦ÂÛ̳|ÏÂÔØƵµÀ|²¿Âä¼ÒÔ°|ÔÚÏß±³µ¥´Ê|Ë«ÓïÔĶÁ|ÔÚÏßÌýд|ÆÕÌØÍøУ

µÚ49¿Î£º¼ÒÍ¥Éú»îÓйصĴʻã

2005-08-22    À´Ô´:http://www.putclub.com    ¡¾´ó ÖРС¡¿      ÃÀ¹úÍâ½Ì ÔÚÏß¿ÚÓïÅàѵ

Ò».±¾¿ÎÒªµã¼°Ê¾Àý

   ÔÚÕâÒ»¿ÎÀï, ÎÒÃÇѧϰ¼¸¸öºÜÓÐÓõij£ÓÃÓï,  ±È·½ "´ò¶¨Ö÷Òâ"   make up one's mind, "½â¾ö" work out, "Ó¦¸¶" cope with µÈµÈ. ÎÒÃÇ»¹ÒªÑ§Ï°Ò»Ð©¸ú¼ÒÍ¥Éú»îÓйØϵµÄ´Ê»ã.

   Ê×ÏÈÎÒÃÇÒÀÕÕ¹ßÀýÌýÒ»¶Î¶Ô»°,    ÄÚÈÝ˵µ½ºàÀûµÄͬÊÂÄÏÏ£Òª¸úÕÉ·òÊ·µÙ·ò·Ö¾ÓµÄÊÂÇé. ÇëÄã×¢ÒâÁ½Î»Ó¢ÎÄÀÏʦµÄ·¢ÒôºÍÓïµ÷.

   M: Kate, Nancy and Steve are breaking up.
   F:  It's really a shame. I've heard that they quarrel, but they've always made up  afterward.
   M: Things are not working out this time. They are getting a separation soon.
   F:  What is going to happen to their daughter, Bonnie?
   M: Nancy is going to take her.
   F:  The cost of living is so high. It will be difficult for her to   take  the responsibility.   She  had better think the whole thing over.
   M: She seems to have made up her mind.  She  said  she   would  rather be a single  parent than cope with an unhappy marriage.
   F:  Well, I hope her parents will be able to talk her out of it.

   ÏÖÔÚÎÒÇëÓ¢ÎÄÀÏʦÔٰѶԻ°ÄîÒ»±é. ÇëÄã×¢ÒâÌý. 

   M: Kate, Nancy and Steve are breaking up.
   F:  It's really a shame. I've heard that they quarrel, but they've always made up  afterward.
   M: Things are not working out this time. They are getting a separation soon.
   F:  What is going to happen to their daughter, Bonnie?
   M: Nancy is going to take her.
   F:  The cost of living is so high. It will be difficult for her to   take  the responsibility.   She  had better think the whole thing over.
   M: She seems to have made up her mind.  She  said  she   would  rather be a single  parent than cope with an unhappy marriage.
   F:  Well, I hope her parents will be able to talk her out of it. 

   ÏÖÔÚÀÏʦ°Ñ¶Ô»°Àï°üº¬Á˳£ÓÃÓïµÄ¾ä×ÓÔÙÄîÒ»±é¸øÄãÌý.

   M: Nancy and Steve are breaking up.
   F:  It's really a shame.
   F:  They've always made up afterward.
   M: Things are not working out this time.
   F:  It will be difficult for her to take the responsibility.
   F:  She had better think the whole thing over.
   M: She seems to have made up her mind.
   M: She would rather be a single parent than cope with an unhappy marriage.
   F:  I hope her parents will be able to talk her out of it.

¶þ.BREAK UP

   ÏÖÔÚÎÒÃÇ´ÓÄã¸Õ²ÅÌýµ½µÄ¾ä×ÓÀïÌô³öһЩ³£ÓÃÓï·Ö±ð×÷Á·Ï°.   Ê×ÏÈÎÒÃÇѧϰbreak up, b-r-e-a-k u-p, break up µÄÓ÷¨. Õâ¸ö´Ê×éµÄÒâ˼¾ÍÊÇ "·ÖÁÑ, ½âÉ¢".  ÓÃÀ´ËµÈË, ÓÈÆäÊÇ·òÆÞµÄʱºò, Òâ˼¾ÍÊÇ "·ÖÊÖ". ÏÖÔÚÀÏʦÓÃÕâ¸ö´Ê×é×÷¾ä×Ó,Ìá³öһЩÓйØÄÏÏ£ºÍÊ·µÙ·òµÄÎÊÌâ,   ±È·½ËûÃÇÊDz»ÊÇÒѾ­¾ö¶¨·ÖÊÖ;   ËûÃÇ·òÆÞ·Ö¾Ó»òÊÇÀë»é»á²»»áÔì³É¼ÒÍ¥·ÖÁѵȵÈÎÊÌâ.   ÕâЩÎÊÌâѧÉú¶¼Ò»Ò»µØ×÷¿Ï¶¨µÄ´ð¸².  ÔÚѧÉú×÷Á·Ï°µÄʱºòÇëÄãÒ²Ò»Æð×÷.

   M: Have Nancy and Steve decided to break up?
   F:  Yes, Nancy and Steve have decided to break up.
   M: Do Henry and Kate know that they are breaking up?
   F:  Yes, Henry and Kate know that they are breaking up.
   M: Are Henry and Kate concerned about their breaking up?
   F:  Yes, Henry and Kate are concerned about their breaking up.
   M: Does their family break up when they get a separation?
   F:  Yes, their family breaks up when they get a separation.
   M: Does their family break up when they divorce?
   F:  Yes, their family breaks up when they divorce.

Èý.MAKE UP

   ÏÂÃæÎÒÃÇÁ·Ï° make up, m-a-k-e  u-p, make up  µÄÓ÷¨.   Õâ¸ö´Ê×é¿ÉÒÔÓÃÀ´±íʾ"ºÍºÃÈç³õ". ÏÖÔÚÀÏʦÓÃÕâ¸ö´Ê×éÌá³öһЩÓйØÄÏÏ£¸úÊ·µÙ·òµÄÎÊÌâ,±È·½"Èç¹ûËûÃDz»±Ë´ËÔ¹ºÞ,ËûÃǻ᲻»áºÍºÃÈç³õÄØ?" Would they make up if they didn't resent each other? È»ºóÀÏʦÌá³ö yes »òÊÇ no, Ñ§Éú¾Í¸ù¾ÝËûËùÌýµ½µÄ×÷¿Ï¶¨»ò·ñ¶¨µÄ´ð¸². ÔÚѧÉú×÷Á·Ï°µÄʱºòÇëÄãÒ²Ò»Æð×÷.

   M: Have Nancy and Steve always made up before?
   M: yes
   F:  Yes, Nancy and Steve have always made up before.
   M: Are they willing to make up this time?
   M: no
   F:  No, they are not willing to make up this time.
   M: Would they need a separation if they were willing to make up?
   M: no
   F:  No, they wouldn't need a separation if they were willing to make up.
   M: Would they make up if they didn't resent each other?
   M: yes
   F:  Yes, they would make up if they didn't resent each other.
   M: Would it be better for their daughter if they made up?
   M: yes
   F:  Yes, it would be better for their daughter if they made up.

ËÄ.MAKE UP ONE'S MIND

   ÏÂÃæÎÒÃÇѧϰÓÃmake up one's mind À´±íʾ "´ò¶¨Ö÷Òâ". ±È·½ÓÐÒ»¾ä»°:  "ÄÏÏ£ÒѾ­¾ö¶¨²»¸úÊ·µÙ·òºÍ½â." Õâ¾ä»°µÄÓ¢ÎÄ¿ÉÒÔÕâÑù˵:Nancy has made up her mind not to reconcile with Steve.

   ÏÖÔÚÎÒÃÇ×÷Ò»×é´ú»»Á·Ï°Ñ§Ñ§Õâ¸ö³£ÓÃÓï. Á·Ï°µÄ×÷·¨ÊÇÀÏʦÄîÒ»¸ö¾ä×Ó, ½Ó×ÅÀÏʦÄîÒ»¸ö´Ê×é, ѧÉú¾Í°Ñ´Ê×é´ú»»µ½Ô­À´µÄ¾ä×ÓÀï. Õâ×éÁ·Ï°ÀïµÄ¾ä×Ó¶¼ÊÇ˵µ½ÄÏÏ£¾ö¶¨ÔõôÑù´¦ÀíËýµÄ»éÒöºÍ¼ÒÍ¥ÎÊÌâ. ÏÖÔÚÇëÄã×¢ÒâÌý, ²¢ÇÒ¸úѧÉúÒ»Æð×÷Á·Ï°.

   M: Nancy has made up her mind to break up her marriage.
   M: not to reconcile with Steve
   F:  Nancy has made up her mind not to reconcile with Steve.
   M: to get a separation
   F:  Nancy has made up her mind to get a separation.
   M: to be a single parent
   F:  Nancy has made up her mind to be a single parent.
   M: to keep her daughter
   F:  Nancy has made up her mind to keep her daughter.
   M: to take the responsibility
   F:  Nancy has made up her mind to take the responsibility.

Îå.WORK OUT

   ÏÂÃæÎÒÃÇѧϰÔõôÓà  work  out,  w-o-r-k o-u-t, work out.  Õâ¸ö´Ê×é¿ÉÒÔÓÃÀ´±íʾ"½â¾ö";  ±È·½  "ËûÃDz»Äܹ»½â¾ö±Ë´Ë¼äµÄÆç¼û."  They   cannot   work  out   their differences. Ò²¿ÉÒÔÓÃÀ´±íʾ "˳Àû"; ±È·½ "ËûÃǵĻéÒö²»Ë³Àû."   Their  marriage isn't working out. ÏÂÃæÀÏʦÎÊѧÉúһЩ¸úÄÏÏ£µÄ»éÒöÉú»îÓйØϵµÄÎÊÌâ.ÿÎÊÒ»¸öÎÊÌâ, ÀÏʦ¾Í»áÌá³ö yes  »òÊÇ no, ѧÉú¾Í¸ù¾ÝËûËùÌýµ½µÄ×÷¿Ï¶¨»ò·ñ¶¨µÄ´ð¸². ÔÚѧÉú×÷Á·Ï°µÄʱºòÇëÄãÒ»Æð×÷.

   M: Can Nancy and Steve work out their problems?
   M: no
   F:  No, Nancy and Steve cannot work out their problems.
   M: Can they work out their differences?
   M: no
   F:  No, they cannot work out their differences.
   M: Is their marriage working out?
   M: no
   F:  No, their marriage isn't working out.
   M: Would it work out if they didn't resent each other?
   M: yes
   F:  Yes, it would work out if they didn't resent each other.
   M: Would it work out if they reconciled?
   M: yes
   F:  Yes, it would work out if they reconciled.

Áù.COPE WITH

   ÏÂÃæÎÒÃÇѧѧÔõôÓà cope with,  c-o-p-e  w-i-t-h, cope   with  À´±íʾ "¶Ô¸¶"  »òÊÇ"Ó¦¸¶". ±È·½,  "¶Ô¸¶ÐÄÀíÎÊÌâÊDz»ÈÝÒ×µÄ."    Õâ¾ä»°Ó¢ÎÄ¿ÉÒÔÕâÑù˵:   To cope with psychological problems is not easy. ÏÖÔÚÎÒÃÇ×÷Ò»×é´ú»»Á·Ï°,ѧѧÕâÖÖÓ÷¨. Ê×ÏÈÀÏʦÄîÒ»¸ö¾ä×Ó,  ѧÉú¸ú×ÅÖظ´Ò»±é,   ½Ó×ÅÀÏʦÄîÒ»¸ö´Ê×é,   ѧÉú¾Í°Ñ´Ê×é´ú»»µ½Ô­À´µÄ¾ä×ÓÀï. ѧÉú×÷Á·Ï°µÄʱºò,ÇëÄãÒ²Ò»Æð×÷.

   M: To cope with an unhappy marriage is not easy.
   M: single parenthood
   F:  To cope with single parenthood is not easy
   M: the high cost of living
   F:  To cope with the high cost of living is not easy.
   M: emotional problems
   F:  To cope with emotional problems is not easy.
   M: psychological problems
   F:  To cope with psychological problems is not easy.
   M: financial problems
   F:  To cope with financial problems is not easy.

Æß.HAD BETTER

   ÏÂÃæÎÒÃÇѧϰÓà had  better,  h-a-d  b-e-t-t-e-r,   had  better  ¼ÓÉÏÔ­ÐͶ¯´ÊÀ´±íʾ"×îºÃ" ×÷ij¼þÊÂÇé. ±È·½  "Ëý×îºÃ¿ªÊ¼ÕÒ¸öÍжùËù."   Õâ¾ä»°Ó¢ÎÄ¿ÉÒÔ ÕâÑù˵:She had  better  start looking for a child-care center. ÏÖÔÚÎÒÃÇ×÷Ò»×é´ú»»Á·Ï°Ñ§Ñ§ÕâÖÖÓ÷¨. Á·Ï°µÄÄÚÈÝÊÇ˵µ½ÄÏÏ£¼ÈÈ»¾ö¶¨¸úÕÉ·ò·Ö¾Ó,×Ô¼º´ø´óº¢×Ó, Ëý×îºÃ×÷Щʲô°²ÅÅ, ±È·½´æÇ®, ÕÒ¹«Ô¢, ÕÒÍжùËùµÈµÈ. ÇëÄã¸úѧÉúÒ»Æð×÷Á·Ï°.

   M: Nancy had better save some money.
   M: get herself a car
   F:  Nancy had better get herself a car.
   M: find an apartment
   F:  Nancy had better find an apartment.
   M: start looking for a child-care center
   F:  Nancy had better start looking for a child-care center.
   M: ask her parents to help
   F:  Nancy had better ask her parents to help.

   ÏÂÃæÒ»×é´ú»»Á·Ï°µÄÄÚÈÝÊÇ˵¿­ÌØÈÏΪÄÏÏ£Ó¦¸Ã¸ú¸¸Ä¸Ì¸Ò»Ì¸,×îºÃÈý˼¶øºóÐеȵÈ. ÇëÄã¸ú¸Õ²ÅÒ»Ñù×÷Á·Ï°.

   F:  Nancy had better talk to her parents.
   M: think the whole thing over
   F:  Nancy had better think the whole thing over.
   M: work out the problems with Steve
   F:  Nancy had better work out the problems with Steve.
   M: make up with Steve
   F:  Nancy had better make up with Steve.

°Ë.WOULD RATHER

   ×îºóÎÒÃÇѧϰÔõôÓÃÓ¢ÎÄÀ´±íʾ "ÄþÔ¸ÔõôÑùÒ²²»Ô¸ÒâÔõôÑù". ±È·½ "»éÒö²»ÃÀÂú»¹²»Èç·Ö¾Ó."      Having  a   separation  is  better  than  having  an  unhappy marriage. Õâ¾ä»°¿ÉÒÔ»»Ò»¸ö·½Ê½Óà  would  rather,    w-o-u-l-d  r-a-t-h-e-r,  would rather ¼ÓÉÏÔ­ÐͶ¯´Ê¿ªÍ·µÄ´Ê×éÔÙ¼ÓÉÏ than, t-h-a-n, than ¸Ä³É "ÎÒÄþÔ¸·Ö¾ÓÒ²²»Ô¸ÒâÓв»ÃÀÂúµÄ»éÒö."I would rather have a separation than have an unhappy marriage. ÏÂÃæÎÒÃÇ×÷Ò»×éÁ·Ï°°ÑÕâÁ½ÖÖ˵·¨×÷Ò»¸ö±È½Ï.   Á·Ï°µÄ×÷·¨ÊÇÄÏÏ£Óà is better than˵һ¾ä»°, ÇëÄãÓÃÄÏÏ£×÷Ö÷ÓïÔÙ¼ÓÉÏwould rather ...than °Ñ¾ä×Ó˵³öÀ´. ÏÂÃæ¾ÍÊÇÒ»¸öÀý×Ó:

   F:  Coping  with  the  high cost  of  living  is  better  than coping with emotional problems.
   M:  Nancy would rather cope with the high cost of living than cope with emotional problems.

   Õâ×éÁ·Ï°±È½ÏÄÑ, ÇëÄãÌرðÓÃÐÄ. ÿ×÷ÍêÒ»¾äÀÏʦ¾Í»á°ÑÕýÈ·´ð°¸Äî¸øÄãÌý.

   F:  Having a separation is better than having an unhappy marriage.
   M: Nancy would rather have a separation than have an unhappy marriage.
   F:  Breaking up with Steve is better than having quarrels with him.
   M: Nancy would rather break up with Steve than have quarrels with him.
   F:  Being a single parent is better than staying with Steve.
   M: Nancy would rather be a single parent than stay with Steve.
   F:  Coping with financial problems is better than living with Steve.
   M: Nancy would rather cope with financial problems than live with Steve.
   F:  Coping with the high cost of living is better than coping with emotional problems.
   M: Nancy would rather cope with the high cost of living than cope with emotional problems.

¾Å.Ìý¶ÌÓï»Ø´ðÎÊÌâ

   ½ñÌìÎÒÃÇÒªÌýµÄÎÄÕÂ̸µ½ÃÀ¹úÒ»°ãÈ˵ļÒÍ¥ºÍ»éÒö×´¿ö.ÇëÄã×¢ÒâÌý.

   In  the  past,  American  families  tended  to be  quite  large.   Parents  raising  five  or   more children were common. Over the years the size of the family has decreased.  One reason for this is an increase in the cost of living.  On the average, children  attend schools  for  more years  than they used to, making  them financially  dependent  on their families longer.  Moreover,  children  nowadays  are  better dressed and have more money to spend on entertainment.   The parents  usually  take the responsibility for all the expenses.  Meanwhile, families are less close than they used to be. More and more American mothers work away  from  home. The  break   up  of  the  family  occurs  when  the  parent  divorce.  A  lot  of  children in the U.S. live part of their young lives with only one parent.  Broken families usually result in problems  for  children and parents alike.  Children  blame themselves  when  their  parents  separate.  They grow  up feeling  unsettled  as  they  are moved back and forth between parents.  Usually one parent takes the responsibility for raising the children.  These single  parents must  care  for  the children's  emotional   and  psychological  needs  while also supporting them financially. This is  very  demanding  and  leaves   very  little time for  the parent's own personal interests.  Single parents often marry other single parents.  In  this   type  of  family,  unrelated children are  forced  to  develop  brother  or  sister   relationship. The situations  of  many  American families today are not good.  However, recent signs  indicate that things are getting better. The divorce rate is declining.  The rate  of childbirth is rising. Perhaps Americans have learnd how important families are.

   ÏÖÔÚÇëÄã»Ø´ðÏÂÃæÈý¸öÎÊÌâ. ÔÚÄã»Ø´ðÖ®ºóÇëÄãÌýÀÏʦÄîÕýÈ·´ð°¸.

   µÚÒ»¸öÎÊÌâÊÇ:
   M: Why have American families become smaller?
   F:  It is because the cost of living has increased.

   µÚ¶þ¸öÎÊÌâÊÇ:
   M: What problems might children have when their parents break up?
   F:  They might have emotional and psychological problems.

   µÚÈý¸öÎÊÌâÊÇ:
   M: What is a single parent?
   F:  A single parent is a person who raises his or her child alone.



¶¥Ò»ÏÂ
(180)
91.4%
²ÈÒ»ÏÂ
(17)
8.6%
ÊÖ»úÉÏÆÕÌØ m.putclub.com ÊÖ»úÉÏÆÕÌØ
[ÔðÈα༭£º]
------·Ö¸ôÏß----------------------------
·¢±íÆÀÂÛ ²é¿´ËùÓÐÆÀÂÛ
Çë×Ô¾õ×ñÊØ»¥ÁªÍøÕþ²ß·¨¹æ£¬ÑϽû·¢²¼É«Çé¡¢±©Á¦¡¢·´¶¯µÄÑÔÂÛ¡£
ÆÀ¼Û:
񡀂:
Óû§Ãû: ÃÜÂë: ÑéÖ¤Âë:
  1. Ã÷ÐÇÓ¢Óï²É·Ã
  2. ÃÀÓï·¢Òô½Ì³Ì
  3. TED½ÌÓý¶¯»­
  1. ÍƼöÎÄÕÂ
  2. ×ÊÁÏÏÂÔØ
  3. ½²×ù¼Òô
ÆÕÌØÓ¢ÓïÊÖ»úÍøÕ¾
ÓÃÊÖ»úä¯ÀÀÆ÷ÊäÈëm.putclub.com½øÈëÆÕÌØÊÖ»úÍøվѧϰ
²é¿´¸ü¶àÊÖ»úѧϰAPP>>
 
mr007