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µÚ48¿Î£ºÒÔ tiveºÍity ½áβµÄ´Ê»ã

2005-08-22    À´Ô´:http://www.putclub.com    ¡¾´ó ÖРС¡¿      ÃÀ¹úÍâ½Ì ÔÚÏß¿ÚÓïÅàѵ

Ò».±¾¿ÎÒªµã¼°Ê¾Àý

   ÔÚÕâÒ»¿ÎÀï, ÎÒÃÇѧϰһЩÒÔ i-v-e ½áβµÄÐÎÈÝ´Ê, ±È·½active, impressive ¸úһЩÒÔ i-t-y ½áβµÄÃû´Ê, ±È·½ possibility, popularity µÈµÈ.    ÁíÍâ, ÎÒÃÇҲҪѧϰһЩ¸úÐÂÎÅ´«²¥ÓйØϵµÄ´Ê»ã.

   ÏÖÔÚÎÒÃÇÏÈÀ´Ìý½ñÌìÕâÒ»¿ÎµÄ¶Ô»°,ÄÚÈÝÊÇ˵ºàÀû¸úÅ®¶ùÁÕ´ï̸µ½ÁË¿´µçÊÓÐÂÎŵÄÊÂÇé. ÇëÄã×¢ÒâÌýÁ½Î»Ó¢ÎÄÀÏʦµÄ·¢ÒôºÍÓïµ÷.

   F:  Dad, what are you watching on television?
   M: I'm watching the news, Linda. Why don't you join me and watch it too?
   F:  The news is boring. It's always the same thing.
   M: You should know what's going on in the world. There's always the possibility  that things could affect you.
   F:  I like things that are more active, more creative and more entertaining.
   M: If you watched the news regularly, you would find it very informative.
   F:  Well, if you want me to watch the news with you, can we change to Channel 7?
   M: Why?
   F:  Because the anchor-man on Channel 7 has a personality.

   ÏÖÔÚÓ¢ÎÄÀÏʦÔÙ°ÑÕû¶Î¶Ô»°ÄîÒ»±é, ÇëÄã×¢ÒâÌý.

   F:  Dad, what are you watching on television?
   M: I'm watching the news, Linda. Why don't you join me and watch it too?
   F:  The news is boring. It's always the same thing.
   M: You should know what's going on in the world. There's always the possibility  that things could affect you.
   F:  I like things that are more active, more creative and more entertaining.
   M: If you watched the news regularly, you would find it very informative.
   F:  Well, if you want me to watch the news with you, can we change to Channel 7?
   M: Why?
   F:  Because the anchor-man on Channel 7 has a personality.

   ÏÂÃæÎÒÃÇÀ´ÌýÀÏʦ°Ñ¶Ô»°Àï°üº¬ÁËÎÒÃǽñÌìҪѧµÄһЩ´Ê»ãµÄ¾ä×ÓÔÙÄîÒ»±é.

   M: There's always the possibility that things could affect you.
   F:  I like things that are more active, more creative and more entertaining.
   M: If you watched the news regularly, you would find it very informative.
   F:  Because the anchor-man on Channel 7 has a personality.

¶þ.ÒÔ-TIVE ºÍ -SIVE ½áβµÄÐÎÈÝ´Ê

   Ê×ÏÈÎÒÃÇÁ·Ï°Ò»Ð©ÒÔ t-i-v-e ½áβµÄÐÎÈÝ´Ê.    ÕâЩÐÎÈݴʶ¼ÊÇ´Ó¶¯´ÊÑݱäÀ´µÄ.Á·Ï°µÄ×÷·¨ÊÇÓÉÄÐÀÏʦÄ´Ê,    È»ºóÅ®ÀÏʦ°ÑÕâ¸ö¶¯´ÊÑݱä³ÉµÄÐÎÈÝ´ÊÄî³öÀ´, ½Ó×ÅÄÐÀÏʦÓÃÄǸöÐÎÈÝ´Ê×÷¾ä×Ó,    Å®ÀÏʦ¾ÍÕÕÑùÖظ´Ò»±é. ÏÂÃæ¾ÍÊÇÒ»¸öÀý×Ó.

   M: act
   F:  active
   M: Reporters are active in gathering news.
   F:  Reporters are active in gathering news.

   Õâ×éÁ·Ï°ÀïµÄ¾ä×Ó¶¼ÊÇ˵µ½µçÊÓ¼ÇÕߵŤ×÷, ±È·½ÐÂÎŽ羺Õù¼¤ÁÒ, ¼ÇÕßÃÇæ×ÅÅÜÐÂÎÅ,  ¾¡Á¿°ÑÏûÏ¢¸æËß¹ÛÖÚ, Ï£Íû×÷µ½ÏûÏ¢ÓÖÐÂÓÖ¿ì;  ËûÃDZØÐëÒªÎıʺÃÓÖµÃÖªµÀ¹ÛÖÚµÄϲºÃ,ÒòΪËûÃÇÖªµÀ¹ÛÖÚ¿ÉÒÔ×ÔÓÉÑ¡Ôñ½ÚÄ¿,    ²»ÊÜ»¶Ó­µÄ½ÚÄ¿¾Í»á±»ÌÔÌ­µÈµÈ.  ÏÖÔÚÇëÄã×¢ÒâÌý, ²¢ÇÒ¸úÅ®ÀÏʦһÆð°Ñ¾ä×ÓÖظ´Ò»±é.

   M: act
   F:  active
   M: Reporters are active in gathering news.
   F:  Reporters are active in gathering news.
   M: inform
   F:  informative
   M: They want to be as informative as possible.
   F:  They want to be as informative as possible.
   M: select
   F:  selective
   M: They know the viewers are selective.
   F:  They know the viewers are selective.
   M: sense
   F:  sensitive
   M: They are sensitive to viewers' tastes.
   F:  They are sensitive to viewers' tastes.
   M: create
   F:  creative
   M: They do creative writing on news items.
   F:  They do creative writing on news items.
   M: compete
   F:  competitive
   M: They have to be competitive to do a good job.
   F:  They have to be competitive to do a good job.
   M: repeat
   F:  repetitive
   M: They try not to be repetitive.
   F:  They try not to be repetitive.

   ÏÂÃæÎÒÃÇÔÙ×÷Ò»×éÁ·Ï°, ¸´Ï°ÎÒÃǸղŽ̵Ĵʻã. Á·Ï°µÄÄÚÈÝ»¹ÊÇ̸µ½µçÊÓ¼ÇÕߵŤ×÷. Á·Ï°µÄ×÷·¨ÊÇÀÏʦÌá³öÒ»¸öÎÊÌâ.  ±È·½ "¼ÇÕßÃÇÉè·¨ËÜÔìÒ»¸öºÃÐÎÏóÂð? " Do reporters try to create a good image? ÇëÄã×÷¿Ï¶¨µÄ´ð¸²:  Yes, they try to create a good image. ÔÚÄã»Ø´ðÖ®ºó, ÀÏʦ»á°ÑÕýÈ·´ð°¸ÄîÒ»±é¸øÄãÌý.

   M: Do reporters act fast when something happens?
   F:  Yes, they act fast when something happens.
   M: Are they active in gathering news?
   F:  Yes, they are active in gathering news.
   M: Is their job to inform people?
   F:  Yes, their job is to inform people.
   M: Are their reports generally informative?
   F:  Yes, their reports are generally informative.
   M: Are viewers free to select good programs?
   F:  Yes, they are free to select good programs.
   M: Are viewers selective?
   F:  Yes, they are selective.
   M: Do reporters sense what viewers like to watch?
   F:  Yes, they sense what viewers like to watch.
   M: Are they sensitive to viewers' tastes?
   F:  Yes, they are sensitive to viewers' tastes.
   M: Do they try to create a good image?
   F:  Yes, they try to create a good image.
   M: Do they do creative writing on news items?
   F:  Yes, they do creative writing on news items.
   M: Do they compete with other reporters?
   F:  Yes, they compete with other reporters.
   M: Are the news media competitive?
   F:  Yes, the news media are competitive.
   M: Do reporters sometimes repeat what was reported?
   F:  Yes, they sometimes repeat what was reported.
   M: Do they try not to be repetitive?
   F:  Yes, they try not to be repetitive.

   ÏÂÃæÎÒÃÇѧϰ¼¸¸öÒÔs-i-v-e ½áβµÄÐÎÈÝ´Ê.ÕâЩÐÎÈÝ´ÊÒ²ÊÇÓɶ¯´ÊÑݱä¶øÀ´µÄ,±È·½ "ÑÓÉì" extend ±ä³É "¹ã·ºµÄ" extensive, "˵·þ" persuade  ±ä³É  "ÓÐ˵·þÁ¦µÄ"  persuasive,  "Éø͸"  pervade ±ä³É    "ÉîÔ¶µÄ" pervasive,  "´¥Å­" offend ±ä³É"ð·¸È˵Ä" offensive µÈµÈ. ÏÖÔÚÎÒÇëÄÐÀÏʦÄ´Ê, ÇëÅ®ÀÏʦÄîÐÎÈÝ´Ê,   È»ºóÄÐÀÏʦÓÃÐÎÈÝ´Ê×÷Ò»¸ö¾ä×Ó,ÇëÄã¸úÅ®ÀÏʦһÆð°Ñ¾ä×ÓÖظ´Ò»±é. ÏÖÔÚ¿ªÊ¼.

   M: extend
   F:  extensive
   M: American newspapers give extensive reports on the presidential election.
   F:  American newspapers give extensive reports on the presidential election.
   M: impress
   F:  impressive
   M: The election coverage is impressive.
   F:  The election coverage is impressive.
   M: offend
   F:  offensive
   M: They avoid making offensive reports.
   F:  They avoid making offensive reports.
   M: persuade
   F:  persuasive
   M: Their analyses and comments are quite persuasive.
   F:  Their analyses and comments are quite persuasive.
   M: pervade
   F:  pervasive
   M: They have pervasive influence on the public opinions.
   F:  They have pervasive influence on the public opinions.

   ÏÂÃæÎÒÃÇÔÙÒÔÎÊ´ð·½Ê½°Ñ¸Õ²Å½ÌµÄÐÎÈݴʸ´Ï°Ò»±é.Ê×ÏÈÇëÄã×¢ÒâÌýÄÐÀÏʦÎÊÎÊÌâ, È»ºóÇëÄãÒ»Ò»µÄ×÷¿Ï¶¨µÄ´ð¸². Ã¿×÷ÍêÒ»¾äÀÏʦ¾Í»á°ÑÕýÈ·´ð°¸Äî¸øÄãÌý. ÏÖÔÚ¿ªÊ¼.

   M: Do American newspapers give extensive reports on the presidential election?
   F:  Yes, American newspapers give extensive reports on the presidential election.
   M: Is the election coverage impressive?
   F:  Yes, the election coverage is impressive.
   M: Do they avoid making offensive reports?
   F:  Yes, they avoid making offensive reports.
   M: Are their analyses and comments persuasive?
   F:  Yes, their analyses and comments are persuasive.
   M: Do they have pervasive influence on the general public?
   F:  Yes, they have pervasive influence on the general public.

Èý.ÒÔ-ITY½áβµÄÃû´Ê

   ÏÂÃæÎÒÃÇѧϰ¼¸¸öÓÉÐÎÈÝ´ÊÑݱä¶ø³ÉµÄÃû´Ê. ÕâЩÃû´Ê¶¼ÊÇÒÔ i-t-y ½áβ, ±È·½"ÄÜÁ¦" ability,"¿É¿¿ÐÔ" credibility,"»î¶¯" acitivity,"Ãô¸Ð¶È" sensitivity  µÈµÈ.  ÏÖÔÚÎÒÇëÄÐÀÏʦÄîÐÎÈÝ´Ê, Å®ÀÏʦÄîÃû´Ê, ½Ó×ÅÄÐÀÏʦÓÃÐÎÈÝ´Ê×÷¸ö¾ä×Ó,  È»ºóÅ®ÀÏʦ¾Í¸ÄÓÃÃû´Ê˵³öÒâ˼Ïàͬ»òÊÇÏà¹ØµÄ¾ä×Ó.    ÕâЩ¾ä×Ó˵µ½Ò»Î»Ãû×Ö½ÐÍßÌØ, ºÜÓÐÃûµÄµçÊÓ¼ÇÕß.ËûµÄ±¨µ¼ÉîÈë,¿É¿¿,ºÜÊÜ»¶Ó­µÈµÈ.ÏÖÔÚÇëÄã×¢ÒâÌý.

   M: active
   F:  activity
   M: Walter is very active.
   F:  He is interested in political activities.
   M: able
   F:  ability
   M: He is able to do in-depth reports.
   F:  He has the ability to do in-depth reports.
   M: credible
   F:  credibility
   M: His reports are credible.
   F:  He has high credibility.
   M: sensitive
   F:  sensitivity
   M: He is sensitive to the interests of the public.
   F:  He has a sensitivity to the interests of the public.
   M: popular
   F:  popularity
   M: He is very popular with audiences.
   F:  He enjoys popularity with audiences.
   M: possible
   F:  possibility
   M: It is possible that some Chinese have heard of him.
   F:  There is a possiblity that some Chinese have heard of him.

   ÏÂÃæÎÒÃÇÓÃÎÊ´ð·½Ê½Á·Ï°¸Õ²Å½ÌµÄÃû´Ê. Á·Ï°µÄ×÷·¨ÊÇÓÉÀÏʦ¸ù¾Ý¸Õ²ÅÄî¹ýµÄ¾ä×ÓÌá³öÎÊÌâ,  ÇëÄã×÷¿Ï¶¨µÄ´ð¸²;    ÔÚÄã»Ø´ðÖ®ºóÀÏʦ»á°ÑÕýÈ·´ð°¸ÄîÒ»±é¸øÄãÌý.

   M: Is Walter interested in political activities?
   F:  Yes, Walter is interested in political activities.
   M: Does he have the ability to do in-depth reports?
   F:  Yes, he have the ability to do in-depth reports.
   M: Does he have high credibility?
   F:  Yes, he have high credibility.
   M: Does he have a sensitivity to the interests of the public?
   F:  Yes, he have a sensitivity to the interests of the public.
   M: Does he enjoy popularity with audiences?
   F:  Yes, he enjoys popularity with audiences.
   M: Is there a possibility that some Chinese have heard of him?
   F:  Yes, there is a possibility that some Chinese have heard of him.

ËÄ.Ìý¶ÌÎĻشðÎÊÌâ

   ÎÒÃǽñÌìÒªÌýµÄÎÄÕÂ̸µ½ÃÀ¹úµÄÐÂÎÅý½é. ÎÄÕÂÀï³ýÁË˵µ½Ò»°ãÃñÖÚÒÀÀµÐÂÎÅ´«²¥Á˽â¹ú¼ÊÇé¿ö, ͬʱҲÃèдÐÂÎŽçΪÁËÓ­ºÏÒ»°ãÃñÖڵĿÚζ¶øÕùÏÈ¿ÖºóÇÀÐÂÎŵÄÇé¾°.ÏÖÔÚÇëÄã×¢ÒâÌý.

   The news  media  in  the  U.S. consist of radio, television and newspapers.  Together they are  pervasive  on  the  lives  of  many Americans and  influential on  their  daily     routines. Many  Americans begin  their  day  reading  the  newspaper  or  watching  a morning news program  on  television  while  drinking  their coffee.  While driving to work, the news can be heard on the car radio. Throughout the  day the news is broadcast repeatedly on the radio and television. In  the  evening  news  is a prime feature on  television  with  up  to  two hours of  news in the early  evening  and  more  news  late  at night.  For those  who  prefer reading, the evening newspaper offers the  reader  the  possibility of reading  the news others  see and hear on television. The news media are free of government control.  It  is  up to  the general public to  choose what  to  read,  watch  or  listen  to. Therefore,  the  media  must  have  a sensitivity  to the interests of the public. News is big business. However, it is a very competitive business, as each station or each newspaper competes for  audiences  and readers.   Each tries  to present  the  news Americans want to know. When an item becomes newsworthy,such as an election or a war, Americans will  become familiar  with  the most minute details as the news media scramble to  be  as  informative as possible. But  the  result  is  that  the  news  becomes repetitive. As  the  news media  report  the  same news items  estimated  to  be  the  most interesting and   impressive,  listeners,  viewers or readers  might find   it difficult  to  be  selective. Nevertheless,  most Americans  would  not  criticize   their news   media too  harshly. The  credibility  of  the  news  media  is  generally  acknowledged  and  accepted  by the American public.

   ÏÖÔÚÇëÄã»Ø´ðÏÂÃæÈý¸öÎÊÌâ. ÔÚÄã»Ø´ðÖ®ºó, ÀÏʦ»áÄîÕýÈ·´ð°¸¸øÄãÌý.

   µÚÒ»¸öÎÊÌâÊÇ:
   M: How do Americans get the news?
   F:  They get the news through radio, television and newspapers.

   µÚ¶þ¸öÎÊÌâÊÇ:
   M: When can Americans get the news?
   F:  They can get the news in the morning, throughout the day and in the evening.

   µÚÈý¸öÎÊÌâÊÇ:
   M: How do the news media compete for audiences and readers?
   F:  They try to report what Americans want to know as fast as possible.



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