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2005-08-22    À´Ô´:http://www.putclub.com    ¡¾´ó ÖРС¡¿      ÃÀ¹úÍâ½Ì ÔÚÏß¿ÚÓïÅàѵ

Ò».±¾¿ÎÒªµã¼°Ê¾Àý

   ÔÚÕâÒ»¿ÎÀï,  ÎÒÃÇÒª¸´Ï°ÎåÖÖÔÚÓ¢ÎÄ×ÖºóÍ·¼ÓÉÏ×Öĸ s µÄ˵·¨. Í·Á½ÖÖÊÇ°ÑÁ½¸ö×Ö¼ò»¯ÎªÒ»¸ö×Ö, ±È·½°Ñ he  is ˵³É he's, »òÊÇ°Ñ   he  has ˵³É he's;  µÚÈýÖÖÊÇÓÃÀ´±íʾ¸´ÊýÃû´Ê,±È·½  teachers, students, µÚËÄÖÖÊǵÚÈýÈ˳Ƶ¥Êý¶¯´Ê, ±È·½  "Âò"  buys, "³Ô" eats µÈµÈ; ×îºóÒ»ÖÖÊÇÓÃÀ´±íʾËùÓиñ,  ±È·½   "ÃÀ¹úÈ˵Ä"American's,  "Õþ¸®µÄ"  government's µÈµÈ.   ͬʱÎÒÃÇҲҪѧϰ¸úÃÀ¹ú¸³Ë°ÖƶÈÓйØϵµÄ´Ê»ã.

   ÏÖÔÚÎÒÃÇÀ´Ìý½ñÌìÕâÒ»¿ÎµÄ¶Ô»°,    ÄÚÈÝÊÇ˵ºàÀû¸ú¿­ÌØ̸ÆðÁ˽ÉËùµÃË°µÄÊÂÇé. ÇëÄã×¢ÒâÁ½Î»Ó¢ÎÄÀÏʦµÄ·¢ÒôºÍÓïµ÷.

   F:  Henry, our income tax is due soon. Did you call our accountant?
   M: He's  figuring  out  our  taxes  right  now.   I gave  him  all  the  records  on our  income and expenses last week.
   F:  The government has deducted taxes from our paychecks all year. I hope   we get some of that money back or at least that we won't have to pay more.
   M: Remember the money your aunt left us when she died, and the money you    made when you taught night school?
   F:  Yes.
   M: Well, that's all taxable income.That money has put us in a higher tax bracket.
   F:  What does that mean?
   M: It means we have to pay more taxes.
   F:  Well, it looks like we'll have to make more money this year just to pay last  year's taxes.

   ÏÖÔÚÎÒÃÇ°ÑÕû¶Î¶Ô»°ÔÙÌýÒ»±é 

  F:  Henry, our income tax is due soon. Did you call our accountant?
   M: He's  figuring  out  our  taxes  right  now.   I gave  him  all  the  records  on our  income and expenses last week.
   F:  The government has deducted taxes from our paychecks all year. I hope   we get some of that money back or at least that we won't have to pay more.
   M: Remember the money your aunt left us when she died, and the money you    made when you taught night school?
   F:  Yes.
   M: Well, that's all taxable income.That money has put us in a higher tax bracket.
   F:  What does that mean?
   M: It means we have to pay more taxes.
   F:  Well, it looks like we'll have to make more money this year just to pay last  year's taxes. 

   ÏÖÔÚÀÏʦ°Ñ¶Ô»°Àï°üº¬ÁËÎÒÃǽñÌìҪѧµÄÓï·¨µÄ¾ä×ÓÔÙÄîÒ»±é¸øÄãÌý.

   M: He's figuring out our taxes right now.
   M: I gave him all the records on our income and expenses last week.
   F:  The government has deducted taxes from our paychecks all year.
   M: That's all taxable income.
   M: It means we have to pay more taxes.
   F:  It looks like we'll have to make more money this year just to pay last year's taxes.

¶þ.SHE'SºÍHE'S

   Ê×ÏÈÎÒÃǸù¾Ý¶Ô»°ÄÚÈÝÒ»·½ÃæÁ·Ï°°Ñshe is ¼ò»¯Îª she's, °Ñ he is¼ò»¯Îª he's,Ò»·½ÃæÒ²¸´Ï°¶Ô»°ÀïµÄдʻã.   Á·Ï°µÄ×÷·¨ÊÇÀÏʦÄîÒ»¸ö¾ä×Ó, ±È·½:   Kate is talking to Henry.  ѧÉú¾Í°Ñ¾ä×Ó¸ÄΪ: She's talking to Henry.  ÇëÄã¸úѧÉúÒ»Æð×÷Á·Ï°. ÏÖÔÚÎÒÃÇ¿ªÊ¼.

   M: Kate is talking to Henry.
   F:  She's talking to Henry.
   M: Kate is asking Henry about their income tax.
   F:  She's asking Henry about their income tax.
   M: Kate is suggesting that Henry call their accountant.
   F:  She's suggesting that Henry call their accountant.
   M: Henry is telling Kate about their taxable income.
   F:  He's telling Kate about their taxable income.
   M: Henry is explaining the higher tax bracket to Kate.
   F:  He's explaining the higher tax bracket to Kate.

   ÏÂÃæÎÒÃÇ»¹ÊǸù¾Ý¶Ô»°ÄÚÈÝÒ»·½ÃæÁ·Ï°°Ñ he has ¼ò»¯Îª he's, °Ñ she has ¼ò»¯Îª she's, Ò»·½ÃæÒ²¸´Ï°´Ê»ã.   Á·Ï°µÄ×÷·¨ÊÇÀÏʦÌá³öÒ»¸öÎÊÌâ, ±È·½: Has Kate talked to Henry? ѧÉú¾ÍÓüò»¯µÄ·½Ê½×÷¿Ï¶¨µÄ´ð¸²,   ËùÒԴ𰸾ÍÊÇ: Yes, she's talked to Henry. »¹ÊÇÇëÄã¸úѧÉúÒ»Æð×÷Á·Ï°. ÏÖÔÚ¿ªÊ¼.

   M: Has Kate talked to Henry?
   F:  Yes, she's talked to Henry.
   M: Has Kate asked Henry about their income tax?
   F:  Yes, she's asked Henry about their income tax.
   M: Has Henry kept records on their expenses?
   F:  Yes, he's kept records on their expenses.
   M: Has Henry given the records to their accountant?
   F:  Yes, he's given the records to their accountant.
   M: Has Henry explained the higher tax bracket to Kate?
   F:  Yes, he's explained the higher tax bracket to Kate.

Èý.ÔÚÃû´Êºó¼ÓS»òE-SÀ´±íʾ¸´Êý

   ÏÂÃæÎÒÃǸ´Ï°ÔÚÃû´ÊºóÃæ¼ÓÉÏ s »òÊÇ e-s À´±íʾ¸´Êý. Á·Ï°µÄÄÚÈÝ˵µ½ÃÀ¹úÈ˱ØÐë½Éʲô˰,  ±È·½¶Ô»°ÀïÌáµ½ËùµÃË°,  »¹ÓÐ "¹ºÎïË°" »òÊÇ "Ӫҵ˰"  sales tax, ÂòÉݳÞÆ·µÄʱºò¸¶µÄË°  luxury tax, ³Ð¼ÌÒŲúµÄʱºò¸¶µÄË° inheritance tax µÈµÈ. ÏÖÔÚÇëÄãÌýÄÐÀÏʦÄî¾ä×Ó, ²¢ÇÒ¸ú×ÅÅ®ÀÏʦ°Ñ¾ä×ÓÖظ´Ò»±é.

   M: Different kinds of taxes are paid in the U.S.
   F:  Different kinds of taxes are paid in the U.S.
   M: Most American citizens pay income taxes every year.
   F:  Most American citizens pay income taxes every year.
   M: The income tax is usually deducted from paychecks.
   F:  The income tax is usually deducted from paychecks.
   M: Americans keep records on their expenses.
   F:  Americans keep records on their expenses.
   M: They pay sales taxes when they make purchases.
   F:  They pay sales taxes when they make purchases.
   M: They pay property taxes for the houses they own.
   F:  They pay property taxes for the houses they own
   M: They pay luxury taxes when they buy luxury items.
   F:  They pay luxury taxes when they buy luxury items.
   M: They pay inheritance taxes when they inherit properties or money.
   F:  They pay inheritance taxes when they inherit properties or money.

   ÏÂÃæÎÒÃÇÔÙ×÷Ò»×éÁ·Ï°¸´Ï°¸´ÊýÃû´Ê.    Á·Ï°µÄÄÚÈÝÊÇ˵Õþ¸®ÊÕÁËË°ÓÃÀ´×÷ʲô, ±È·½¸¶¹ú¼Ò¿ªÖ§,  Ìṩ·þÎñ,  ½¨ÇÅÁº, ÐÞ¹«Â·, °ïÖúʧҵµÄ¹¤ÈË,  ²¹ÖúµÍÊÕÈë¼ÒÍ¥µÈµÈ.  Á·Ï°µÄ×÷·¨ÊÇÀÏʦÄîÒ»¸ö¾ä×Ó,   ½Ó×ÅÀÏʦÌá³öÒ»¸ö´Ê×é,ѧÉú¾Í°Ñ´Ê×é´ú»»µ½Ô­À´µÄ¾ä×ÓÀï.   ÔÚѧÉú×÷Á·Ï°µÄʱºòÇëÄãÒ²Ò»Æð×÷.

   M: Taxes are used to pay for national expenses.
   M: provide public services
   F:  Taxes are used to provide public services.
   M: build bridges
   F:  Taxes are used to build bridges
   M: repair highways
   F:  Taxes are used to repair highways.
   M: help unemployed workers
   F:  Taxes are used to help unemployed workers.
   M: support low-income families
   F:  Taxes are used to support low-income families.

ËÄ.ÔÚ¶¯´Êºó¼ÓS»òE-S±íµÚÈýÈ˳Ƶ¥Êý

   ÏÖÔÚÎÒÃÇÁ·Ï°ÔÚ¶¯´ÊºóÃæ¼ÓÉÏ s »òÊÇ e-s À´±íʾÖ÷ÓïÊǵÚÈýÈ˳Ƶ¥Êý. Á·Ï°µÄÄÚÈÝ˵µ½ÃÀ¹úµÄ¹ºÎïË°, ±È·½Ã¿¸öÖݵÄË°ÂÊÊÇ·ñ²»Í¬,   Ë°ÂÊÊDz»ÊǸ÷ÖÝ×Ô¼º¶¨µÄµÈµÈ.Á·Ï°µÄ×÷·¨ÊÇÀÏʦÌá³öÒ»¸öÒÔµÚÈýÈ˳ÆΪÖ÷ÓïµÄÎʾä,    ÇëÄãÒ»Ò»µØ×÷¿Ï¶¨µÄ´ð¸².  Õâ×éÁ·Ï°ÀïÓÐЩ´Ê»ã¿ÉÄÜÄã²»Êì,   ±È·½ "¾ÓÃñ" residents ,   "°Ù·Ö±È" percentage,  "²»Í¬"  vary,  "ÀÛ½øË°ÖƶÈ" graduated  taxation, ÇëÄãÔÚ×÷Á·Ï°µÄʱºòÌرð×¢Òâ. ÿ×÷ÍêÒ»¾äÀÏʦ¾Í»á°ÑÕýÈ·´ð°¸Äî¸øÄãÌý. ÏÖÔÚ¿ªÊ¼.

   M: Does New York State require its residents to pay sales tax?
   F:  Yes, New Yowk State requires its residents to pay sales tax.
   M: Does everyone who makes a purchase pay it?
   F:  Yes, everyone who makes a purchase pays it.
   M: Does the sales tax percentage vary from state to state?
   F:  Yes, the sales tax percentage varies from state to state.
   M: Does each state set its own tax percentage?
   F:  Yes, each state sets its own tax percentage.
   M: Does every state use graduated taxation?
   F:  Yes, every state uses graduated taxation.
   M: Does a customer pay more sales tax when he makes more purchases?
   F:  Yes, a customer pays more sales tax when he makes more purchases.

Îå.ÔÚÃû´ÊºóÃæ¼Ó 's À´±íʾËùÓиñ

   ×îºóÒ»×éÁ·Ï°ÊÇÔÚÃû´ÊºóÃæ¼ÓÉÏ 's À´±íʾËùÓиñ. ±È·½ÓÐÒ»¾ä»°:  "Ë°ÊÕÊÇÕþ¸®ÊÕÈëµÄÒ»¸öÖ÷ÒªÀ´Ô´",Õâ¾ä»°¿ÉÒÔÕâÑù˵: Taxes are the main source of  the revenue  of  a government. Õâ¾ä»°Ò²¿ÉÒÔ¼ò±ãÒ»µãÓÃËùÓиñÕâÑù˵: Taxes are the main source  of a  government's  revenue. ÏÖÔÚÎÒÃÇ×÷Ò»×éÁ·Ï°°ÑÕâÁ½ÖÖ˵·¨×÷¸ö±È½Ï.   Á·Ï°µÄ×÷·¨ÊÇÀÏʦÄîÒ»¸ö°üº¬ÁËof µÄ¾ä×Ó,  ÇëÄã°Ñ¾ä×Ó¸ÄΪËùÓиñ˵³öÀ´. Á·Ï°µÄÄÚÈÝ̸µÄ»¹ÊÇÃÀ¹úµÄË°, ±È·½¸¶Ë°ÊÇÈËÃñµÄÒåÎñ;  ·¿µØ²úË°µÄ¸ßµÍÊÇ°´ÕÕ·¿µØ²úµÄ¼Û¸ñ¶ø¶¨µÄ;   ÒŲúË°Ó¦¸ÃÔڼ̳ÐËÀÕߵIJƸ»µÄʱºò½ÉµÈµÈ. ÏÖÔÚÎÒÃÇ¿ªÊ¼×÷Á·Ï°, ÿ×÷ÍêÒ»¾äÀÏʦ¾Í»á°ÑÕýÈ·´ð°¸Äî¸øÄãÌý.

   M: Taxes are a part of the life of every American.
   F:  Taxes are a part of every American's life.
   M: It's the obligation of a citizen to pay taxes.
   F:  It's the citizen's obligation to pay taxes.
   M: Taxes are the main source of the revenue of a government.
   F:  Taxes are the main source of a government's revenue.
   M: When the income of a family rises, its income tax increases too.
   F:  When a family's income rises, its income tax increases too.
   M: The property tax is based on the value of the property.
   F:  The property tax is based on the property's value.
   M: Inheritance  tax  should  be  paid  when   the  wealth  of  a  dead  person  is inherited  by someone.
   F:  Inheritance tax should be paid when the dead person's wealth is inherited by someone.

Áù.Ìý¶ÌÎĻشðÎÊÌâ

   ½ñÌìÎÒÃÇÒªÌýһƪ½éÉÜÃÀ¹ú¸³Ë°ÖƶȵÄÎÄÕÂ. ÎÄÕÂÀïÐí¶à´Ê»ã¶¼ÊÇÎÒÃÇÁ·Ï°¹ýµÄ. ÏÖÔÚÇëÄã×¢ÒâÌý.

   There are many different kinds of taxes paid in the U.S.  The most common tax is the sales tax.   When  someone  buys  something,  he   pays  the  price  of  his  purchase  plus a small additional percentage. This percentage is the sales tax. The revenue  from  the  sales tax goes to  the  state  government  to  help pay   for  public schools, public safety, roads, parks and benefits for the poor.  Each state sets its own tax percentage. Some states  are   considerably  lower  than others.  In some states there is no sales tax.  A second type of tax is the income tax. This tax is a percentage of all the money earned by a family each year.  Americans pay  income  taxes to  the   federal government  which  uses the  revenue  for national expenses such as  defense,   help  for  the  needy and other public services.  Some  states  also  have  a state   income tax.  The  income  tax, like other taxes, is usually  graduated.   This  means  the  tax   percentage  increases  as  a  family's  income increases.  A third kind of tax is the property tax. This tax is paid by anyone who owns land  or  a house.  The amount  of  the  tax  is  based on the property's value. The revenues  from this tax go to local governments for schools and community services.  In  addition  people  must  pay  the  luxury   tax  when  they  purchase  certain  things  such as cigarettes and alcoholic beverages.  A fifth kind of tax is the inheritance tax.  When someone dies, usually  his  family  inherits the dead person's wealth and property. However, those who inherit must  pay a percentage of  this wealth to the government as an inheritance tax.  As we have heard, there are five kinds of taxes that Americans pay.  Most Americans don't want more taxes.

   ÏÖÔÚÇëÄã»Ø´ðÎÊÌâ. ÔÚÄã»Ø´ðÖ®ºóÀÏʦ»áÄî³öÕýÈ·´ð°¸¸øÄãÌý.

   µÚÒ»¸öÎÊÌâÊÇ:
   M: What are the five kinds of taxes Americans pay?
   F:  They are sales tax, income tax, property tax, luxury tax and inheritance tax.

   µÚ¶þ¸öÎÊÌâÊÇ:
   M: Does the federal government set the sales tax percentage?
   F:  No, it doesn't.

   µÚÈý¸öÎÊÌâÊÇ:
   M: What are some of the public services Americans get by paying taxes?
   F:  National defense, public schools, public safety, roads, parks and help for the needy are some  of  the public  services Americans get for  paying taxes.



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