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English USA Lesson 36 Expressing Time 表示时间

2005-08-23    来源:http://www.putclub.com    【      普特网校:美国外教1对1
新概念| 重新定义经典英语教材

Conversation A : On a University Campus?

MARTIN: Hello. I'm Martin Learner. I'm a reporter. Who are you??
NANCY: I'm Nancy Kibelstis.
MARTIN: May I talk to you? I want to ask some questions.?
NANCY: Maybe.?
MARTIN: Are you a student??
NANCY: Yes.?
MARTIN: What are you studying??
NANCY: Elementary education.?
MARTIN: Are you going to be a teacher??
NANCY: Of course.?
JACKIE: Good morning. I'm Jackie.?
MARTIN: What are you doing here, Jackie?
JACKIE: I'm a student. I'm studying history.?
MARTIN: What are you doing here today??
JACKIE: Oh, We're demonstrating.?
MARTIN: When is the demonstration?
JACKIE: In the afternoon.?
NANCY: No, it isn't. It's this morning.
MARTIN: Let's ask those students.?

Practice 1:依照会话A回答下列问题:?
1.What does Nancy do??
2.What is she studying at the university??
3.Why are they both on campus??
4.When is the demonstration??

会话A : 在大学校园里?
马  丁:你好。我叫马丁·勒纳,我是记者。你叫什么??
南  希:我叫南希·基贝尔斯蒂斯。?
马  丁:我可以和你谈谈吗?我想问几个问题。?
南  希:也许可以(回答出你的问题)。?
马  丁:你是学生吗??
南  希:是的。?
马  丁:你学什么??
南  希:基础教育。?
马  丁:你打算当教师吗??
南  希:当然。?
杰  姬:早晨好。我叫杰姬。?
马  丁:你在这儿干什么,杰姬??
杰  姬:我是学生,我是学历史的。?
马  丁:你今天在这儿干什么??杰  姬:哦,我们在示威。
马  丁:示威是在什么时候??
杰  姬:在下午。?
南  希:不,不是。示威是在今天上午。?
马  丁:咱们去问问那些学生。?

Conversation B?

CARA: Good morning. I'm Cara Gutierrez. I'm a reporter. May I ask you some questions??
VINCE: OK. Where are you from?
CARA: I'm a reporter for the Voice of America. Who are you??
VINCE: I'm Vince Anzalone.?
CARA: Are you a student??
VINCE: Yes. I'm a student at the university.?
CARA: Are you a student at this university??
VINCE: Of course.?
CARA: Are all these people students??
VINCE: Yes. They are not all from this university.?
CARA: Where are they from??
VINCE: I don't know.?
CARA: What are you studying??
VINCE: I'm studying biology.?
CARA: What is this demonstration??
VINCE: It's about pollution.?
CARA: What do you mean??
VINCE: Pollution. You know-pollution.?
CARA: What kind of pollution??
VINCE: Environmental pollution. Pollution in the river.?
CARA: When is the demonstration??
VINCE: It's now. This is the demonstration.?
CARA: What are the students going to do??
VINCE: They're going to talk. They're going to sing. Some are going to speak. Some are going to read things. They're going to demonstrate.?
CARA: When is someone going to speak??
VINCE: Before lunch. Maybe after lunch, too.?
CARA: Are they going to the river??
VINCE: Yes. We're going to walk to the river. We're going to look at the pollution.
CARA: When are you going to the river??
VINCE: At twelve o'clock. We want everyone to see the river.?

Practice 2:依照会话B回答下列问题:?
1.Where and what is he studying??
2.Are all the students from the same university??
3.What is this demonstration??
4.When is the demonstration??
5.What are the students going to do ??
6.When are they going to speak and going to the river??

Practice 3: When 用来问时间时,其回答可以是大致时间,也可以是确切时间。
Examples:?
MARTIN: When is the demonstration??
NANCY: In the afternoon.?
JACKIE: No, it isn't. It's in the morning.?
CARA: When is the demonstration??
VINCE: It's now.?
CARA: When are you going to the river??
VINCE: At twelve o'clock.?

会话B?
卡  拉:早晨好。我叫卡拉·古蒂埃勒兹,我是记者。我可以问你几个问题吗?
文  斯:可以。你是哪儿的??
卡  拉:我是“美国之音”记者。你叫什么??
文  斯:我叫文斯·阿恩扎洛尼。?
卡  拉:你是学生吗??
文  斯:是,我是大学的学生。?
卡  拉:你是这所大学的学生吗??
文  斯:当然啦。?
卡  拉:这些人都是学生吗??
文  斯:是的。他们并不都来自这所大学。?
卡  拉:他们从哪儿来??
文  斯:我不知道。?
卡  拉:你学什么??
文  斯:我学生物学。?
卡  拉:这次示威的内容是什么??
文  斯:是有关污染的问题。?
卡  拉:你指什么??
文  斯:污染。你知道——污染。?
卡  拉:什么样的污染??
文  斯:环境污染、河流污染。?
卡  拉:示威在什么时候??
文  斯:现在,这就是在示威。
卡  拉:学生们打算干什么呢??
文  斯:他们要谈论,他们要唱歌。一些人要演说,一些人要朗读。他们要示威。
卡  拉:他们什么时候演说??
文  斯:午饭前,也许午饭后还有。?
卡  拉:他们去河边吗??
文  斯:是的,我们打算步行去河边,我们要去看看那儿的污染情况。?
卡  拉:你们什么时候去河边??
文  斯:12点。我们都要看看那条河。?

Conversation C?

CARA: Hello, Martin.?
MARTIN: Hello, When is the demonstration? I've been talking to some students. They don't know.?
CARA: I talked to one student. The demonstration is now. This is the demonstration.?

Practice 4:依照会话C回答下列问题:?
1.Does Martin known the time for the demonstration??
2.When is the demonstration??

会话C?
卡  拉:你好,马丁。?
马  丁:你好。示威在什么时候?我一直在和一些学生交谈,他们不知道。?
卡  拉:我和一个学生谈过,示威就在现在,这就是示威。
?

Conversation D?

MARTIN: What are you doing??
PETE: I'm demonstrating.
MARTIN: What's that??
PETE: It's a story. It's a story about pollution. It's a story about the river.
The river was clean.?
MARTIN: When was the river clean??
PETE: Many years ago. Now the environment is polluted. Here, read the story.
MARTIN: The river is polluted.?
PETE: Of course. Our environment is polluted.?
MARTIN: What are you going to do??
PETE: We're going to clean it up.?
MARTIN: You're going to clean up the river??
PETE: We're going to clean up everything.?
MARTIN: When are you going to clean up the river??
PETE: This year.?
CARA: Hi, I'm Cara. Who are you??
HEATHER: I'm Heather.?
ALISHA: I'm Alisha. Are you a student??
CARA: No, I'm a reporter.?
HEATHER: Good. Where are you from?
CARA: Washington.?
HEATHER: What newspaper are you from??
CARA: I'm not from a newspaper. I'm from the Voice of America.?
ALISHA: What are you doing here??
CARA: I want to talk to students. I want to write a story about the demonstration. What are you doing here??
HEATHER: We're demonstrating! I don't like pollution!?
ALISHA: Look at the river. It's polluted. I want to clean up the river.?
CARA: What are you going to do??
ALISHA: We're going to work. We're going to talk.?
HEATHER: And write. And speak.?
MARTIN: Hello, Cara. This is Vince. He's going to show me the river. Can you come?
CARA: Yes. This is Heather. And this is Alisha.?
ALL: Hello. Hi. I'm happy to meet you.?
CARA: May I come with you??
VINCE: Of course. Do you want to come??
HEATHER: I can't. I'm going to meet someone.?
ALISHA: When are you going to meet them??
HEATHER: Before lunch.?
VINCE: Come with us. We're going to come back.?
HEATHER: When are you going to come back??
VINCE: In a few minutes.?
CARA: I want to see the river.?
ALISHA: We want to clean up the river.?
HEATHER: We want to clean up the city. We want to clean up everything.?
VINCE: We have to clean up the environment.?

Practice 5:用大致的时间来回答以 When 开头的问句。?
Examples:
  MARTIN: When was the river clean??
PETE: Many years ago.?
MARTIN: When are you going to clean up the river??
PETE: This year.?
ALISHA: When are you going to meet them??
HEATHER: Before lunch.?

会话D?
马  丁:你在干什么??
皮  特:我在示威。?
马  丁:那是什么??
皮  特:是一篇报导,是一篇有关污染的报导,是一篇有关河流的报导。
那条河从前是清澈见底的。?
马  丁:那条河什么时候是清澈的??
皮  特:很多年以前,现在这儿的环境被污染了。这儿,读读这篇报导。?
马  丁:这条河被污染了。?
皮  特:当然。我们的环境被污染了。?
马  丁:你们打算做什么??
皮  特:我们打算清理它??
马  丁:你们打算清理这条河吗??
皮  特:我们要清理一切。?
马  丁:你们打算什么时候清理这条河??
皮  特:今年。?
卡  拉:嗨。我叫卡拉,你叫什么??
希  瑟:我叫希瑟。?
艾丽莎:我叫艾丽莎。你是学生吗??
卡  拉:不,我是记者。?
希  瑟:好。你从哪儿来??
卡  拉:华盛顿。?
希  瑟:你是哪家报社的??
卡  拉:我不是报社的,我来自美国之音,我为电台写稿。?
艾丽莎:你在这儿干什么??
卡  拉:我想和学生谈谈,我想写篇有关示威的稿子。你们在这儿干什么??
希  瑟:我们在示威!我可不喜欢污染!?
艾丽莎:看看那条河,污染了。我要清理那条河。?
卡  拉:你们打算干什么??
艾丽莎:我们要行动起来,我们要谈论起来。?
希  瑟:还要写文章,还要发表演说。?
马  丁:喂,卡拉。这是文斯。他要带我去看那条河。?
卡  拉:噢。这是希瑟,还有这是艾丽莎。?
大  家:嗨,你们好。见到你们很高兴。你是这儿的学生吗??
卡  拉:我能跟你们走吗??
文  斯:当然。你想来吗??
希  瑟:我不能。我要去见一个人。?
艾丽莎:你什么时候去见他们??
希  瑟:午饭前。?
文  斯:跟我们来吧,我们还回来。?
希  瑟:你们什么时候回来??
文  斯:几分钟后。?
希  瑟:我要看看那条河。?
艾丽莎:我们要清理那条河。?
希  瑟:我们要清理这个城市,我们要清理一切。?
文  斯:我们必须清理这儿的环境。

New Words and Expressions 生词和短语?

education    n. 教育?
elementary    education  小学教育?
demonstrate    v. 示威;游行?
biology     n. 生物学?
environment     n. 环境?
pollute    v. 污染?

Language Points 语言要点
?
1. I'm studying history. 我学历史。在科学名词前不加冠词,例如:?
My major is biology (chemistry, maths). 我的专业是生物(化学,数学)?
2.I've been talking to some students. 我一直在跟一些学生谈话。?
have been doing(sth.) 是现在完成进行时,常用于口语中强调动作的延续性及某种感情色彩,例如:?
I've been waiting for you the whole morning. 我一早上都在等你。?
I've been looking for my pen everywhere. 我一直在到处找钢笔。?
3. We're going to come back. 我们还回来。?
We want to clean up the river. 我们要净化这条河。?
We have to clean up the environment. 我们必须净化环境。?
be going to+动词原形(短语)表示近期内将要干或发生的事,例如:?
I am going to take a tour around the country this vacation.?
我打算这个假期周游全国。?
There are going to be four speeches on campus.?
校园里将有4个演讲。?
want to+动词原形(短语)表示主观意愿,例如:?
I want to talk with you. 我想和你谈谈。?
I want to be a lawyer. 我想当律师。?
have to+动词原形(短语)表示主观不得不、被迫要做某事,例如:?
I have to go, or I'll be late. 我得走了,不然就晚了。?
You have to finish your job within this week. 你必须在本周内完成任务。?


Cultural Notes  文化注释

美国是工业高度发达的国家,但工业的发展也造成了各种环境污染(environmental pollution),例如:空气污染(air pollution),水质污染(water pollution),噪声污染(noise pollution)等。美国人认识到环境污染的严重危害,因而也格外注意保护环境。

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