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English USA Lesson 34 Expressing Both Specific and General Time 表示确切时间和大致时间

2005-08-23    来源:http://www.putclub.com    【      普特网校:美国外教1对1
新概念| 重新定义经典英语教材

Conversation A : At the Train Station?

EILEEN: What time does the train go??
MARTIN: At nine-fifteen.
EILEEN: What time does it arrive in Pittsburgh??
MARTIN: I don't know.?
EILEEN: When is your meeting??
MARTIN: I have many meetings. They are in the afternoon.?
EILEEN: When are you coming home??
MARTIN: Tonight.?
EILEEN: We're going to meet the train.?
MARTIN: Is Alan going to come with you??
EILEEN: Yes, he is.?
MARTIN: When is his game??
EILEEN: Tomorrow evening.?
MARTIN: Isn't the game this evening??
EILEEN: No, it isn't. It's tomorrow evening.?
MARTIN: When was it last week??
EILEEN: It was on Wednesday. It's on Thursday this week.?
MARTIN: I see. What time is the game??
EILEEN: Is't at seven-thirty.?
MARTIN: Good. I'm going to go.?
EILEEN: That's wonderful. He wants you to go.?
MARTIN: When are you going to your office??
EILEEN: After lunch. I worked late last night.?
MARTIN: What time are you going to go??
EILEEN: At one-thirty. What time is the train tonight??
MARTIN: It arrives at eight-forty-five.?
EILEEN: OK. Sue can come, too. Can you eat on the train??
MARTIN: Yes, I can. But I'm going to eat in Pittsburgh.?
EILEEN: Good. Sue can finish her homework before dinner.?
MARTIN: What time are you going to have dinner??
EILEEN: At seven o'clock.?
MARTIN: When are you going to come to the train station??
EILEEN: At eight o'clock.?

Practice 1:如果不必说明确切的时间,可以用比较笼统的方式表示时间。?
Examples:
MARTIN: In the afternoon. Tonight.?
EILEEN: Tomorrow evening. On Wednesday. On Thursday.
After lunch. Last night. Before dinner.?
MARTIN: At nine-fifteen.?
EILEEN: At seven-thirty. At one-thirty.?
MARTIN: At eight-forty-five.?
EILEEN: At seven o'clock. At eight o'clock.?

会话A : 在火车站?
艾  琳:火车几点开??
马  丁:9点15分。?
艾  琳:什么时候到匹兹堡??
马  丁:我不清楚。?
艾  琳:会议什么时候开??
马  丁:我有许多会议,它们都是在下午。?
艾  琳:你什么时候回家??
马  丁:今晚。?
艾  琳:我们来接站。?
马  丁:艾伦和你一起来吗??
艾  琳:是的,他来。?
马  丁:他的球赛是在什么时候??
艾  琳:明天晚上。?
马  丁:球赛不是在今天晚上吗??
艾  琳:不,不是。是在明天晚上。?
马  丁:上周球赛是在什么时候进行的??
艾  琳:是在星期三,这周是在星期四。?
马  丁:我明白了,球赛是在几点??
艾  琳:7点30分。?
马  丁:好,我要去看。?
艾  琳:那好极了,他想要你去。?
马  丁:你什么时候去上班??
艾  琳:午饭后,我昨晚工作得很晚。?
马  丁:你几点去上班??
艾  琳:一点半,火车今晚几点到??
马  丁:8点45分到。?
艾  琳:好吧,苏也能来,你能在火车上吃饭吗??
马  丁:能。但我将在匹兹堡吃饭。?
艾  琳:好,苏在晚饭前能完成作业。?
马  丁:你们什么时候吃晚饭??
艾  琳:7点。?
马  丁:你什么时候到火车站??
艾  琳:8点。?

Conversation B?

EILEEN: Martin, when did you first visit Pittsburgh??
MARTIN: In 1975. I wrote a story about Pittsburgh ten years ago. I wrote a story three years ago. And I visited last year, too.?
EILEEN: When did you first visit Washington?
MARTIN: I don't know. Many years ago.?

Practice 2:表示过去的事件或活动的时间短语,常常是由“表示时间的名词(词组)+副词 ago”构成,也可由“形容词 last+表示时间的名词”或“in+年代”构成。?
Examples:
  MARTIN: Three years ago. Ten years ago. Many years ago. ?
In 1975.?Last year.?

会话B?
艾  琳:马丁,你第一次访问匹兹堡是在什么时候??
马  丁:在1975年,10年前我写过一篇有关匹兹堡的报导。我3年前写过一篇报导,我去年也写过一次。?
艾  琳:你第一次访问华盛顿是在什么时候??
马  丁:我记不清楚了,许多年以前。
?

Conversation C?

MARTIN: Are you going shopping today??
EILEEN: Yes.?
MARTIN: When are you going shopping.?
EILEEN: After work. I must buy some food.?
MARTIN: Please buy some coffee.?
EILEEN: Don't we have coffee??
MARTIN: No, I finished the coffee.?
EILEEN: When??
MARTIN: This morning. I made coffee for breakfast. When did you buy coffee?
EILEEN: I bought coffee last week. Are you drinking too much coffee??
MARTIN: I like coffee.?
EILEEN: When do you drink so much coffee??
MARTIN: In the morning. I like coffee in the morning.?
EILEEN: What time is it. Martin??
MARTIN: It's nine-twenty.?
EILEEN: What time is the train to Pittsburgh??
MARTIN: At nine-thirty.?
EILEEN: May I buy a newspaper? I didn't read the newspaper this morning. ?
MARTIN: I don't know. Can you wait??
EILEEN: When can I buy the newspaper??
MARTIN: In a few minutes. I'm going in a few minutes.?
EILEEN: Martin, are you going to work on Saturday??
MARTIN: No, I don't like to work on weekends.?
EILEEN: Can you take Sue and her friends to the park??
MARTIN: When??
EILEEN: In the afternoon. There is band concert.?
MARTIN: What time is the concert??
EILEEN: The concert is at two-fifteen.?
MARTIN: What band is playing??
EILEEN: There are three school bands playing. Some of Sue's friends are playing in the band.?
MARTIN: What time are they going to finish??
EILEEN: At four o'clock. I want to work on Saturday.?
MARTIN: Do you want to work at home??
EILEEN: No, I can't. I want to work at the office.?
VALERIE: Eileen? Hi. How are you??
EILEEN: Hello! What are you doing here, Valerie? Martin, this is Valerie McCormick.?
MARTIN: Hello. Eileen told me about you. I'm happy to meet you. ?
VALERIE: How are you? ?
MARTIN: Fine, thanks.?
EILEEN: Where are you going? What are you doing here??
VALERIE: I'm going home. I brought my husband to the train.?
EILEEN: What time is his train??
VALERIE: It was at nine-ten. It left.?
MARTIN: Where is he going??
VALERIE: He's going to Hartford, Connecticut. Where are you going? ?
EILEEN: Martin is going to Pittsburgh.
VALERIE: What time is your train??
MARTIN: It's at nine-thirty. I'm going now. Good-bye.?
EILEEN: Good-bye. Be careful.?
VALERIE: Good-bye. Martin.?

Practice 3:巩固确切时间及大致时间的表达法。?
Examples:
  MARTIN: At nine-thirty.?
EILEEN: At two-fifteen. At four o'clock.?
EILEEN: After work.?
MARTIN: This morning.?
EILEEN: Last week.?
MARTIN: In the morning. In a few minutes.?
EILEEN: In the afternoon.?

会话C?
马  丁:你今天去买东西吗??
艾  琳:是的。?
马  丁:你什么时候去买东西??
艾  琳:下班以后。我必须买些食品。?
马  丁:买些咖啡吧。?
艾  琳:我们没有咖啡了吗??
马  丁:没有了,我用完了。?
艾  琳:什么时候??
马  丁:今天早晨,我早餐煮的咖啡。你什么时候买的咖啡??
艾  琳:我上周才买的咖啡,你咖啡喝得太多了吧??
马  丁:我喜欢咖啡。?
艾  琳:你什么时候喝下这么多咖啡??
马  丁:在早上,我喜欢早上喝咖啡。?
艾  琳:马丁,几点了??
马  丁:9点20分。?
艾  琳:到匹兹堡的火车是什么时间??
马  丁:9点30分。?
艾  琳:我去买张报纸好吗?我今早没看报纸。?
马  丁:我不知道,你能等一等吗??
艾  琳:那我什么时候能买报纸呢??
马  丁:几分钟后,我几分钟后就走了。?
艾  琳:马丁,你星期六去上班吗??
马  丁:不,我不喜欢在周末工作。?
艾  琳:你能带苏和她的朋友们去公园吗??
马  丁:什么时候??
艾  琳:下午。有个乐队演奏的音乐会。?
马  丁:音乐会什么时候开始??
艾  琳:音乐会在下午2点15分开始。?
马  丁:什么乐队来演奏??
艾  琳:有3个学校乐队演奏,苏的一些朋友在乐队里演奏。?
马  丁:几点结束??
艾  琳:4点。我想在星期六工作。?
马  丁:你想要在家里工作吗??
艾  琳:不,我不能。我想要在办公室工作。?
瓦莱丽:艾琳?你好,你近来好吗??
艾  琳:你好!瓦莱丽,你来这儿有什么事?马丁,这是瓦莱丽·麦考密克。?
马  丁:你好,艾琳跟我提到过你,很高兴见到你。?
瓦莱丽:你近来好吗??
马  丁:我很好,谢谢。?
艾  琳:你去哪儿?你在这儿做什么?
瓦莱丽:我正要回家,我来送我丈夫上火车。?
艾  琳:他乘的是几点的车??
瓦莱丽:9点10分,车已经开走了。?
马  丁:他去哪儿??
瓦莱丽:他去康涅狄格州的哈特福德。你们去哪儿??
艾  琳:马丁去匹兹堡。?
瓦莱丽:你乘的是几点的火车??
马  丁:9点30分,我现在走了,再见。?
艾  琳:再见,保重。
瓦莱丽:再见,马丁。

New Words and Expressions 生词和短语?

meet the train 接火车,接站?
band concert 乐队演奏的音乐会?

Proper Nouns 专有名词?

Valerie McCormick   瓦雷利·麦考密克?
Connectcut   康涅狄格州?
Hartford   哈特福德市?

Language Points 语言要点?

1.  What time does it arrive in Pittsburgh?(什么时间到达匹兹堡?)用 arrive 表示“到达”。arrive 是不及物动词,其后要跟介词 in 或 at,一般 arrive in 用于大城市、国家,arrive at 用于小地方。表示“到达”的涵义的常用词还有 reach 和 get to 短语,reach 是及物动词,可直接与名词连用。get to 是惯用语,不如 arrive 和 reach 正式,
多用于口语。例如:?
What time do we arrive at Cardiff? 我们什么时候到达卡尔迪福??
When did you arrive in Britain? 你们是什么时候到达英国的??
He arrived reached at the station at 5. 他5点到达车站。?
He will get to Tokyo tomorrow. 他将于明天到达东京。?
2.  ago 是“以前”的意思,本课中用 ago 的句子有:?
I wrote a story about Pittsburgh ten years ago.
他10年前写过一篇关于匹兹堡的报道。?
I wrote a story three years ago. 我3年前写过一篇故事。?
I first visited Washington many years ago.我是多年前首次访问华盛顿的
由上述句子可看出,ago 是“距今……以前”。我们学过表示“以前”的单词 before,它是表示“较过去……以前”。也就是说 ago 是相对现在而言的,before 是相对过去而言的。这一点从下面的例句就可以看出。?
I visited him two days ago, but he had gone to London five days before.?
他两天前去看他,但是他已在那5天前就去了伦敦了。
?

Cultural Notes  文化注释

康涅狄格州(Connecticut)位于美国的东北部,东临大西洋,首府是 New Haven,与罗德岛州、麻萨诸塞州及纽约州相接壤。Connecticut 来源于印第安语,意思是“beside the long tidal river”(在长长的潮河旁)。?

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