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English USA Lesson 33 Stating the General Time of Your Activities 表示活动的大致时间

2005-08-23    来源:http://www.putclub.com    【      普特网校:美国外教1对1
新概念| 重新定义经典英语教材

Conversation A : At the Office?

CARA: Hello, Martin. Did you finish your story??
MARTIN: Yes, I did. I worked on Saturday.
CARA: When did you finish??
MARTIN: I finished in the evening.?
WALEED: Hello, Cara, Martin.?
CARA: Hi, Waleed.?
MARTIN: Good morning, Waleed. How are you??
WALEED: Fine, thanks. Did you have a nice weekend??
CARA: Wonderful.?
MARTIN: I worked.?
WALEED: Did you work at the office??
MARTIN: No, I worked at home. I finished a story.?
WALEED: I can't work on the weekend. The children are very noisy. ?
MARTIN: I don't like to work on weekends.?
CARA: Martin, when are you going to Pittsburgh??
MARTIN: On Tuesday.?
WALEED: Are you working on a story??
MARTIN: Yes, I'm writing a story about Pittsburgh.?
WALEED: Didn't you write a story about Pittsburgh last year??
MARTIN: Yes, I did. I wrote a story three years ago, too. I visit Pittsburgh often. sometimes I write a story. I want to see the changes.?
WALEED: Has it changed??
MARTIN: Yes, it has changed. I wrote a story ten years ago, too.
WALEED: Pardon??
MARTIN: Ten years ago.?
CARA: When did you first visit Pittsburgh??
MARTIN: In 1975. I went with my father to a baseball game.?
HOWARD: Good morning, everybody.?
OTHERS: Good morning, Howard. Hi. Good morning. How are you??
HOWARD: Where are you going this week, Martin??
MARTIN: Pittsburgh.?
HOWARD: When are you going??
MARTIN: I'm going on Tuesday.?
CARA: I'm going to work now. There's meeting this morning.?
HOWARD: When is the meeting??
CARA: It's at eleven forty-five.?
WALEED: Eleven forty-five? When is our meeting, Martin??
MARTIN: Our meeting is at eleven forty-five.?
WALEED: Can we change our meeting??
MARTIN: Of course. What time do you want to meet??
WALEED: Can we meet at eleven o'clock??
MARTIN: Yes, we can. Do you want to meet in your office??
WALEED: Can we meet in your office??
MARTIN: When are we going to finish??
WALEED: Before the other meeting.?

Practice 1:“介词 at+几点钟”表示特定某点时间,介词 on, in, before, ago 等与时间名词搭配表示某段时间。?
Example One: 
  MRTIN: At seven o'clock.?
CARA: At eleven forty-five.?
WALEED: At eleven o'clock.?
MARTIN: At four o'clock.?
CARA: At ten-thiry.?
Example Two:?
MARTIN: On Saturday. In the evening.?
WALEED: On the weekend.?
MARTIN: On Tuesday.?
WALEED: Last year.?
MARTIN: Three years ago. Ten years ago. In 1975.?
WALEED: Before the other meeting.?

会话A : 在办公室?
卡  拉:你好,马丁。你写完报导了吗??
马  丁:是的,写完了。我星期六工作了。?
卡  拉:你什么时候写完的??
马  丁:我在晚上写完的。?
瓦利德:你们好,卡拉,马丁。?
卡  拉:你好,瓦利德。?
马  丁:早上好,瓦利德,你好吗??
瓦利德:我很好,谢谢。你周末过得好吗??
卡  拉:好极了。?
马  丁:我工作了。?
瓦利德:你在办公室工作的吗??
马  丁:不是,我在家工作的,我写完了一篇报导。?
瓦利德:我在周末无法工作,孩子们很吵闹。?
马  丁:我不喜欢在周末工作。?
卡  拉:马丁,你什么时候去匹兹堡??
马  丁:星期二。?
瓦利德:你在写一篇报导吗??
马  丁:是的,我在写一篇有关匹兹堡的报导。?
瓦利德:你去年没写过一篇有关匹兹堡的报导吗??
马  丁:写过,我3年前也写过一篇报导。我经常去匹兹堡,有时我写报导,我想看到匹兹堡所发生的变化。?
瓦利德:有变化吗??
马  丁:是的,有变化。我10年前也写过一篇报导。?
瓦利德:几年前??
马  丁:10年前。?
卡  拉:你第一次访问匹兹堡是什么时候??
马  丁:在1975年,我和我父亲一起去看了一场棒球赛。?
霍华德:各位,早上好。?
其余人:早上好,霍华德。你好,早上好,你好吗??
霍华德:马丁,这周你去哪儿??
马  丁:匹兹堡。?
霍华德:你什么时候去??
马  丁:我星期二去。?
卡  拉:现在我要去工作了,今天上午有个会议。?
霍华德:会什么时候开??
卡  拉:11点45分开。?
瓦利德:11点45分?马丁,我们的会什么时候开??
马  丁:我们的会是11点45分。?
瓦利德:我们的会议可以换一下时间吗??
马  丁:当然,可以,你想什么时间开会??
瓦利德:我们11点开会如何??
马  丁:好的,你要在你的办公室开吗??
瓦利德:能在你的办公室开吗??
马  丁:什么时间能开完??
瓦利德:在另一个会议开始以前。?

Conversation B?

CARA: When are you going to have lunch??
WALEED: I'm not going to have lunch.?
HOWARD: After I finish my work.?
MARTIN: At twelve-thirty.?
MARTIN: Cara, when are you going to Europe??
CARA: We're going next month.?
WALEED: Can we go to lunch now?
CARA: Howard isn't here.?
WALEED: When is he coming??
MARTIN: In a few minutes.?
WALEED: Where are you going in Europe??
CARA: We're going many places.?
WALEED: Are you going to Bulgaria??
CARA: Yes, we are.?
WALEED: When are you going there??
CARA: Let me see. In about three weeks.?
WALEED: I have an uncle in Bulgaria. Can you phone him??
CARA: Of course. Please give me his phone number.?
WALEED: OK. I'm going to bring it next week.?
MARTIN: When did your uncle go to Bulgaria??
WALEED: Many years ago. He was a student. He studied engineering.?
MARTIN: Did he stay there??
WALEED: Yes, he did. He married. He had children.?
MARTIN: When did you see him??
WALEED: Twenty years ago. He came to see my father.
WALEED: He is my father's brother.?
HOWARD: I'm here.?
WALEED: Good, Can we go now??
HOWARD: Were you waiting for me??
WALEED: Of course.?
HOWARD: Yes, let's go.?
CARA: Martin, when are we going to Georgetown University??
MARTIN: Next week. The demonstration is on Wednesday.?
HOWARD: What demonstration is that??
CARA: It is Environmental Day. There is a big demonstration.?
WALEED: What is Environmental Day??
MARTIN: The students are having a demonstration about environmental problems. Cara and I are going to write a story.?
WALEED: What problems are they demonstrating about??
CARA: Many problems.?
MARTIN: We're going to write about river pollution.?
CARA: Yes. The university is on the river. We want to listen to the speeken. We want to write about pollution.?
MARTIN: We had a story about ocean pollution.?
WALEED: When??
CARA: A few weeks ago. We visited the Atlantic Ocean.?
HOWARD: When did you go to the Atlantic Ocean??
MARTIN: In the summer.?
WALEED: Did you see pollution in the ocean??
CARA: Yes, we did. We saw pollution in some places.?
MARTIN: We saw pollution in the river, too.?
HOWARD: When??
MARTIN: Last week. Last month. Last year. We want to write about pollution.?
Practice 2:表示一段时间的短语有些是表示过去的时间,有些是表示将来的时间,有些既能表示将来也能表示过去。?
Example One: (表示过去)?
WALEED: Many years ago. Twenty years ago.?
CARA: A few weeks ago.
MARTIN: Last week. Last month. Last year.?
Example Two:(表示将来)?
CARA: Next month.?
MARTIN: In a few minutes.?
CARA: In about three weeks.?
WALEED: Next week.?
Example Three: (表示将来及过去)?
WALEED: For three years.?
MARTIN: On Wednesday. In the summer.?

会话B?
卡  拉:你们什么时候吃午饭??
瓦利德:我不吃午饭了。?
霍华德:干完工作以后。?
马  丁:12点半。?
马  丁:卡拉,你什么时候去欧洲??
卡  拉:我们下月去。?
瓦利德:现在我们能去吃午饭吗??
卡  拉:霍华德出去了。?
瓦利德:他什么时候回来。?
马  丁:几分钟后。?
瓦利德:你将去欧洲的哪些地方??
卡  拉:我们将去许多地方。?
瓦利德:你将去保加利亚吗??
卡  拉:是的,我们去。?
瓦利德:你什么时候去那儿??
卡  拉:让我想一下,大约3周后。?
瓦利德:我有个叔叔在保加利亚,你能给他打电话吗??
卡  拉:当然能,请把他的电话号码给我。?
瓦利德:好的,我下周带来。?
马  丁:你叔叔什么时候去的保加利亚??
瓦利德:许多年以前,他当时是个学生,学工程学的。?
马  丁:他就留在那儿了吗??
瓦利德:是的,他结了婚,有了小孩。?
马  丁:你什么时候见到他的??
瓦利德:20年前,他来看我父亲,他是我父亲的弟弟。?
霍华德:我回来了。?
瓦利德:好,我们现在能走了吗??
霍华德:你们在等我吗??
瓦利德:当然了。?
霍华德:好,我们走吧。?
卡  拉:马丁,我们什么时候去乔治敦大学??
马  丁:下周。示威活动是在星期三。?
霍华德:那是什么样的示威活动??
卡  拉:那天是环境保护日,有个大型示威活动。?
瓦利德:什么是环境保护日??
马  丁:学生们将举行示威,宣传环境的问题。我和卡拉将写篇报导。?
瓦利德:他们将就什么问题示威、宣传??
卡  拉:许多问题。?
马  丁:我们将写有关河流污染的问题。?
卡  拉:对,这所大学就在一条河上,我们将听听演说,我们想写有关污染的问题。?
马  丁:我们写过一篇有关海洋污染的报导。?
瓦利德:什么时候写的??
卡  拉:几周前,我们访游览了大西洋。?
霍华德:你们什么时候去的大西洋??
马  丁:在夏天。?
瓦利德:你们看到了海洋污染吗??
卡  拉:对,我们在几个地方都看到了污染。?
马  丁:我们也看到了河流的污染。?
霍华德:什么时候??
马  丁:上周,上个月,去年。我们要写有关污染的报导。

New Words and Expressions 生词和短语?

on the weekend 在周末?
on weekends 在每个周末?
noisy   adj. 吵闹的?
engineering    n. 工程学?
demonstation   n. 示威?
environmental   adj. 环境的?
Environmental Day 环境保护日?
pollution    n. 污染?
lecture   n. 讲演?

Proper Nouns 专有名词?

Bulgaria    保加利亚?
Georgetown    乔治敦?
Pittsburgh   匹兹堡?
the Atlantic Ocean   大西洋
?

Language Points 语言要点?

Did you have a nice weekend? 你周末过得愉快吗?这里的 have 是实义动词,意为“经验,“碰到”,人们常用 have 短语表示祝愿,一般常在道别时用,例如:?
Have a nice weekend. 祝你周末过得愉快。?
Have a good day. 祝你一天过得愉快。?
Have a pleasant dream. 祝你做个好梦。?

Cultural Notes  文化注释

美国的环境保护运动 (conservation movement) 早在罗斯福执政期间 (Theodore Roosevelt's administration 1901~1909) 就受到重视,随着环境保护运动影响的扩大,得到公众的广泛信任与支持,导致20世纪60年代和70年代一系列联邦法规的出台,如1970年的《清洁空气法》(Clean Air Act) ,1972年的《水污染控制法》(Water Pollution Control Act) ,1973年的《濒临灭绝物种保护法》(Endangered Species Act)等。?
美国各州都有自己的法规,例如:一些州已禁止乱扔瓶罐,禁止在肥皂中使用磷酸盐,禁止倾倒工业垃圾。到1986年,已有40个州,80多个城市通过了某种形式的法规,限制在公共场合或上班时吸烟。?
在1965年初,国会通过了一项法规,要求在香烟包装上印上警告。这一做法,仅在几年后就被其它国家采纳、效仿。?
公众对污染问题的关注,已成为美国人生活的一部分,就连为大家所熟知的可口可乐饮料罐(Coca Cola can) 也受到影响。今天,按法律要求,罐必须做成顶部的拉环(the rings on top) 不能脱离罐被扔掉。?

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