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作者:admin 来源: 2016-10-14 15:00
英语中有许多心理状态的动词, 它们都是及物动词,大都含有“使……“的意思。常见的有:amaze使惊奇, amuse使快乐、使好笑, astonish使惊奇, annoy使烦恼, bore使厌烦, irritate使恼怒, worry使担忧, delight使高兴, disappoint使失望, discourage使沮丧, dumbfound使目瞪口呆,move使感动, encourage使受鼓舞, excite使兴奋, frighten使害怕, inspire使受鼓舞, interest使感兴趣, please使高兴,fascinate使着迷, puzzle使迷惑, relax使放松, satisfy使满意, surprise使惊奇, terrify使害怕, tire使疲劳, trouble使麻烦, upset使不安, confuse使混乱, bewilder使迷惑, depress使沮丧, disgust使厌恶。这些动词的用法有以下特点: 1. 这些动词作谓语时,其宾语只能是表示人的名词或代词;主语大多为表示引起某种感情的事或物的名词。如: The good service here satisfied the tourists. 这儿的良好服务使游客感到满意。 His speech inspired us all a great deal. 他的演讲使我们大家倍受鼓舞。 2. 这些动词的现在分词常与物连用,在句中既可作定语又可作表语。如: This is a boring report. 这是一个令人厌烦的报告。 The situation was more puzzling than ever before. 局势变得更加捉摸不定。 3. 这些动词的过去分词常与人连用,在句中作表语或定语。如: The excited children couldn't go to sleep all night long. 这些兴奋的孩子整个晚上无法入睡。 We were disappointed at his words. 听了他的话,我们很失望。 4. 有时也可见到这些动词的现在分词和人连用,过去分词与物连用的现象,但有时在意思上有所不同。如: She is an amusing girl. 她是一个讨人喜欢的女孩。 There was puzzled expression on his face. 他脸上流露出迷惑不解的表情。 比较: There was a puzzling expression on his face. 他的脸上流露出令人不解的表情。 5. 这些动词的被动形式表示主动意思,其后面引起心理反应的人或物,常用by, with, at引导。如: She is bored with his flatteries. 她听腻了他的奉承话。 We were surprised about his lucky success. 我们对他的侥幸成功感到惊奇。 6. 这些动词的名词形式有些可以构成“to one's + 名词“短语,意为“使某人……的是“。如:to one's surprise使惊奇的是, to one's satisfaction使某人满意的是, to one's disappointment使某人失望的是, to one's astonishment使某人震惊的是, to one's amusement使某人好笑的是, to one's interest使某人感兴趣的是,等等。
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