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2013-09-25    À´Ô´:21st century    ¡¾´ó ÖРС¡¿      ÃÀ¹úÍâ½Ì ÔÚÏß¿ÚÓïÅàѵ
Communication gap µ±½ñ´óѧʦÉú¼äµÄ»¥¶¯×´¿öÈçºÎ£¿Ò»Ïî×îе÷²éÏÔʾ£¬Ëæ×ÅͨѶÓëÍøÂçµÄ½ø²½£¬Ê¦Éú¼äÃæ¶ÔÃæ½»Á÷µÄ»ú»á´ó´ó¼õÉÙ£¬Èý³É´óѧÉúÕûÄê“ʦÉúÁã½»Á÷”£¬×´¿öÁîÈË¿°ÓÇ¡£ Shi Jianfei, 21, is a mechanical manufacturing and automation major at Beijing Information Science and Technology University. He encountered an academic problem during the summer vocation but it took him a lot determination to finally approach his professor at school to solve the problem. To his surpirse, the meeting turned out to be quite pleasant.
21ËêµÄʯ½¨·É£¨ÒôÒ룩¾Í¶ÁÓÚ±±¾©ÐÅÏ¢¿Æ¼¼´óѧ»úеÖÆÔì¼°×Ô¶¯»¯×¨Òµ¡£Êî¼ÙÆڼ䣬ËûÓöµ½ÁËÒ»¸ö¿ÎÒµÄÑÌ⣬µ«ËûÏÂÁ˺ܴóµÄ¾öÐIJÅÏò×Ô¼ºµÄ½ÌÊÚÇóÖú¡£ÁîËûÒâÍâµÄÊÇ£¬Õâ´Î»áÃæÊ®·ÖÓä¿ì¡£
But only few students turn to their professors to ask for advice in solving problems or discuss academic topics with them. According to a poll of 2,636 college students conducted by MyCOS, a Beijing-based consultancy, more than a third of them contact their professor less than once a year.
µ«ºÜÉÙÓÐѧÉú»áÔÚÓöµ½ÄÑÌâʱÏò½ÌÊÚÇóÖú£¬»òÊÇÓë֮̽ÌÖѧÊõÎÊÌâ¡£×Éѯ»ú¹¹±±¾©Âó¿É˼Êý¾ÝÓÐÏÞ¹«Ë¾½øÐеÄÒ»Ïîµ÷²éÏÔʾ£¬ÔÚ²ÎÓë¸Ãµ÷²éµÄ2636Ãû´óѧÉúÖУ¬Óг¬¹ýÈý·ÖÖ®Ò»µÄÈ˱íʾºÍ½ÌÊÚÒ»Ä궼¼û²»µ½Ò»Ãæ¡£
Although most students and teachers are willing to communicate with each other, it seems that an effective communication mechanism is absent.
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Shi says most of his professors share their contact details with students in the first class, but students tend not to take advantage of this.
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“Communication usually takes place in class or between classes, because it’s difficult to get in touch with professors at any other time,” he says. “University professors always look very busy.”
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Pressure
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However, from the faculty’s perspective, students are too cautious about communicating with professors.
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“They’re worried about asking questions they think may leave a bad impression,” says Du Xiguang, professor of chemistry at Northeast Normal University.
¶«±±Ê¦·¶´óѧ»¯Ñ§Ïµ½ÌÊÚ¶Åϲ¹â£¨ÒôÒ룩±íʾ£º“ËûÃǵ£ÐÄ×Ô¼º·¢ÎÊ»á¸øÀÏʦÁôÏ»µÓ¡Ïó¡£”
Wu created a QQ group in which students can discuss various issues with him, ranging from academic topics to personal problems.
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“I find they are very talkative in this group because all of them are anonymous. But if they talk to me in person, they’re shy and nervous,” he says.
Ëû˵£º“ÒòΪ´ó¼Ò¶¼ÓõÄÊÇÍøÃû£¬ËùÒÔÎÒ·¢ÏÖËûÃÇÔÚȺÀïÊ®·Ö½¡Ì¸¡£µ«Èç¹ûËûÃǵ±ÃæºÍÎÒ½»Ì¸Ê±£¬¾Í»á½ôÕÅ£¬²»ºÃÒâ˼¡£”
His view is echoed by Wu Qian, 22, an English major at Tsinghua University. Wu admits that when she encounters problems she prefers talking to her classmates and upper-classmen.
¾Í¶ÁÓÚÇ廪´óѧӢÓïϵ¡¢22ËêµÄÎâÙ»£¨ÒôÒ룩ʮ·ÖÔÞͬ¶Åϲ¹â½ÌÊڵĹ۵㡣Îâٻ̹³Ðµ±Óöµ½ÎÊÌâʱ£¬Ëý¸üϲ»¶ºÍͬ°àͬѧ»òÕ߸ßÄ꼶ѧ³¤Ì½ÌÖ¡£
“I think many students are too shy and passive, myself included. I feel more comfortable communicating with my peers,” she says.
Ëý˵£º“ÎÒ¾õµÃÐí¶àѧÉúÌ«¹ýëïÌó¡¢±»¶¯£¬ÎÒ×Ô¼ºÒ²²»ÀýÍâ¡£ÎÒ¾õµÃºÍͬÁäÈ˽»Á÷ÆðÀ´¸üÊæ·þ¡£”
Different style of teaching
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Cheng Haonan, 20, a space science and technology major at Nanjing University, offers another reason why students don’t form strong relationships with professors.
¶ÔÓÚѧÉúÃÇΪºÎÎÞ·¨Óë½ÌÊÚÖ®¼ä½¨Á¢Àι̹ØϵÕâÒ»ÎÊÌ⣬¾Í¶ÁÓÚÄϾ©´óѧ¿Õ¼ä¿ÆѧÓë¼¼Êõרҵ¡¢20ËêµÄ³ÌºÆÄÏ£¨ÒôÒ룩µÀ³öÁËÁíÒ»µãÔ­Òò¡£
“We only meet our professor once or twice a week. That’s a lot less than the frequency with which we met our teachers in high school. Some professors can’t even remember my name,” says Cheng.
³ÌºÆÄÏ˵£º“ÎÒÃÇÿÖÜÖ»ÄܺͽÌÊÚ¼ûÉÏÒ»Á½Ãæ¡£Ïà¶ÔÓÚÎÒÃÇÔÚ¸ßÖÐʱͬÀÏʦµÄ¼ûÃæƵÂʶøÑÔ£¬Ã÷ÏÔÉÙÁ˺ܶࡣһЩ½ÌÊÚÉõÖÁ¶¼¼Ç²»×¡ÎÒµÄÃû×Ö¡£”
Du also attributes the shyness of many students to a change in teaching styles. In primary school, Chinese students get used to talking with their teachers because they’re like “nannies” who not only teach, but also watch out for their students’ personal development.
¶Åϲ¹â½«ºÜ¶àѧÉúµÄµ¨ÇÓÐÄÀí¹é½áÓÚ½Ìѧ·½Ê½µÄת±ä¡£ÔÚСѧÀÖйúѧÉúÏ°¹ßÁ˺ÍÀÏʦ½»Á÷£¬ÒòΪÀÏʦÃǸüÏñÊÇ“±£Ä·”£º²»½öÒªÊڿΣ¬»¹Òª¹ØעѧÉú³É³¤¡£
“In college, such communication isn’t compulsory anymore and students aren’t pushed to discuss their ideas with professors,” says Du. “The real problem is that students aren’t yet ready to engage in adult conversation with professors. Some of them just expect professors to explain facts and help them prepare for exams, like in high school.”
¶Åϲ¹â˵µÀ£º“ÔÚ´óѧÀÕâÑùµÄÇ¿ÖÆÐÔ½»Á÷ÒѾ­²»¸´´æÔÚÁË£¬Ã»ÈË»á¶Ø´ÙѧÉúÓë½ÌÊÚÌÖÂÛ×Ô¼ºµÄÏë·¨¡£ÕæÕýµÄÎÊÌâÔÚÓÚ£¬Ñ§ÉúÃÇ»¹Ã»ÓÐ×¼±¸ºÃºÍ½ÌÊÚ½øÐдóÈ˼äµÄ¶Ô»°¡£ÓÐЩÈËÖ»ÊÇÏ£ÍûÀÏʦÄܹ»´ðÒɽâ»ó£¬°ïÖú±¸¿¼£¬¾ÍÏñ¸ßÖÐʱÄÇÑù¡£”
Chen Yongmei, associate professor at Beijing Forestry University, tackles this problem by taking the initiative. Since she only teaches one class a week, Chen invites one or two students for lunch every day. During lunch, they discuss academic and personal problems.
ΪÁ˽â¾öʦÉú¹µÍ¨ÄѵÄÎÊÌ⣬À´×Ô±±¾©ÁÖÒµ´óѧµÄ³Âӽ÷£¨ÒôÒ룩¸±½ÌÊÚ¾ö¶¨²ÉÈ¡Ö÷¶¯³ö»÷µÄ·½Ê½¡£ÒòΪһÖÜÖ»ÓÐÒ»½Ú¿Î£¬ËùÒÔ³Âӽ÷ÿÌ춼ÑûÇëÒ»Á½ÃûѧÉú¹²½øÎç²Í¡£Îç²ÍÆڼ䣬ËûÃÇÒ»Æð̽ÌÖѧҵÒÔ¼°¸öÈËÉú»îÉϵÄÄÑÌâ¡£
“Most students make use of this mechanism, but a few of them don’t,” she says. “In the latter case, I gradually lose the passion for communicating with them because this isn’t middle school. I’m happy to talk to them, but I don’t want to force them into a conversation they’re uncomfortable with.”
Ëý±íʾ£º“´ó¶àÊýѧÉú¿ÉÒÔÓÐЧµØÀûÓÃÕâÖÖ¹µÍ¨Í¾¾¶£¬µ«Ò²ÓÐÉÙÊýÈË×ö²»µ½Õâµã¡£¶ÔÓÚºóÕߣ¬ÎÒÖð½¥Ê§È¥Á˺ÍËûÃǽ»Á÷µÄÈÈÇ飬ÒòΪÕâ²»ÊÇÔÚÖÐѧ¡£¾¡¹ÜÎÒºÜÔ¸ÒâºÍËûÃǽ»Ì¸£¬µ«ÎÒ²»ÏëÇ¿ÆÈËûÃÇ£¬ÈÃËûÃDz»×ÔÔÚ¡£” (21st  century)


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